Whole Wheat Flour

Whole wheat flour is made by grinding the entire wheat kernel, including the bran and germ.The germ,which is the embryo of a new wheat plant, is high in fat,which can become rancid.This is why whole wheat flour does not keep as well as white flour.

Because it is made from wheat, whole wheat flour contains gluten, so it can be used alone in bread making. However, a bread made with 100 percent whole wheat will be heavy because the gluten strands are cut by the sharp edges of the bran flakes. Also, the fat from the wheat germ contributes slightly to the shortening action.This is why most whole wheat breads are strengthened with white bread flour.

Bran flour is flour to which bran flakes have been added.The bran may be coarse or fine, depending on specifications.

Continue reading here: Starches

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  • gimja
    What is shortening action in whole wheat flour?
    5 years ago