Water falls out of the sky as rain and collects and runs across the top of the ground in streams and rivers, soaks deep into the earth and lies there, or gently flows in the form of "ground water." Ground water can be lying there in sheets all over underground, or it can be located only in "veins," underground streams. A spring is a natural appearance of that ground water, sheet or vein, flowing out of a hole in the ground. When you drill down to the water-saturated level and pump water up for your use, you have a well. A large-scale drainage basin or series of linked basins is a "watershed." Water constantly evaporates from oceans —but also from rivers, soil, and plants. When enough water gets up into the air, it comes down again as rain. Well-Read: Waterhole by Bob Mellin tells how to dig your own well with hand tools, step by step from planning to well casing and installing a pump. Good bibliography of sources. Weils and Septic Systems by Max and Charlotte Alth (latest edition revised by Duncan) deals with wells and septic systems too. Very thorough. The Drinking Water Book by Colin Ingram covers pollutants, testing, water types, water purifiers, and distillers, including sources. The Water Heater Workbook by Larry and Suzanne Weingarten tells all about water heaters. All these books are available from Eureka Resource, PO Box 2356, Martinez, CA 94553.

Continue reading here: Being Frugal with Water

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