# Measurements Metric Equivalents

Until everyone agrees on one system of measurement, we'll have to keep converting. On the following pages are some tables comparing metric amounts and measurements to those we use in the United States. For an easy introduction to metric cooking, read Metric Cooking for Beginners, by Ginevera Barta.

Distance/Length

 Unit Abbrev. Meters U.S. Equivalent Kilometer km. 1,000 0.62 mile Hectometer hm. 100 109.36 yards Dekameter dam. 10 32.81 feet Meter m. 1 39.37 inches Decimeter dm. 0.1 3.94 inches Centimeter cm. 0.01 0.39 inch Millimeter mm. 0.001 Unit Abbrev. Square Meters U.S. Equivalent Square kilometer sq. km. 1,000,000 0.3861 square mile Hectare ha. 10,000 2.47 acres Are a. 100 119.60 square yards Square centimeter sq. cm. 0.0001 0.155 square inch Volume Unit Abbrev. Cubic Meters U.S. Equivalent Cubic cu. cm. 0.000001 0.061 cubic inch centimeter or cc. Cubic decimeter cu. dm. 0.001 61.023 cubic inch Cubic meter eu. m. 1 1.307 cubic yards Mass/Weight

 Unit Abbrev. Grams U.S. Equivalent 45 ml. 3 T. Metric ton t. 1,000,000 1.102 short tons 50 ml. 3 T. Kilogram kg- 1,000 2.20461b. 60 ml. 'Ac. Hectogram hg- 100 3.527 oz. 75 ml. V3C. Dekagram dag. 10 0.353 oz. 125 ml. Vic. Gram g- 1 0.035 oz. 200 ml. 3/4C. Decigram dg. 0.10 1.543 grains 250 ml. 1 C. Centigram cg- 0.01 0.154 grains 375 ml. IVic. Milligram mg. 0.001 0.015 grain 500 ml. 2 c. 1 liter liquid (water) weighs 1 kilogram. 750 ml. 3 c. Milliliters to Teaspoons/Tablespoons/Cups 875 ml. 3Vi c. (Rounded Off) .95 1. = 1 qt. Metric U.S. Equivalent 1 1. = 1 qt. + % c. 1ml. Vit. 3.8 1. = 1 gai. 2 ml. Vi t. These equivalents are rounded off. They're fine for cooking, but I 5 ml. lt. wouldn't try to do industrial chemistry with them! One milliliter 7 ml 1 1/-, t equals .004 cup. To compute other rounded milliliter equiva / mi. I /2 t. lents, multiply .004 by the number of milliliters, and the answer 10 ml. 2 t. is the number of cups you need. 15 ml. IT.
 Unit Abbrev. Liters Cubic Dry Liquid Kiloliter kl. 1,000 1.31 cubic yards Hectoliter hi. 100 3.53 cubic feet 2.84 bushels Dekaliter dal. 10 0.35 cubic feet 1.14 pecks 2.64 gallons Liter 1. 1 61.02 cubic inches 0.908 quart 1.057 quarts Deciliter dl. 0.10 6.1 cubic inches 0.18 pint 0.21 pint Centiliter cl. 0.01 0.61 cubic inch 0.338 fluid ounce Milliliter ml. 0.001 0.061 cubic inch 0.27 fluid dram

Cups/Quarts/Gallons to Milliliters

U.S._Metric Equivalent_

Vic.

Grams to Pounds (Rounded Off) Metric_U.S. Equivalent_

One pound equals 454 grams.

U.S. to Metric Pan Sizes

U.S._Metric Equivalent

8 x V/2 inches

9 x IV2 inches 13x9x3 inches 9x5x3 inches

20 x 4 cm. 23 x 4 cm. 33 x 23 x 5 cm. 23 x 12.5x5 cm.

Formulas for Metric/U.S. Conversions

Multiply by Result_

Original Measurement

Ounces

Grams

Pounds

28.3 0.0353 453.59

Grams

Ounces

Grams

Pounds

Ounces

Cups

Inches

Centimeters

Kilograms Milliliters Liters

### Centimeters Inches

To convert a Fahrenheit temperature, subtract 32; then multiply that number by 5 and divide by 9 to get the Celsius equivalent. To convert a Celsius temperature, multiply by 9, divide that by 5, and then add 32 to get the Fahrenheit equivalent.

Metric Weight Equivalents of Common Food Measures (Rounded Off)

 Baking powder 1 t. 3.65 grams Biscuit mix 1 c. 115 grams Butter lc. 224 grams Cinnamon 1 t. 1.1 grams Cooking oil 1 c. 210 grams Cornmeal lc. 152 grams Flour lc., sifted 115 grams Milk 1 c. 244 grams Milk lqt. 976 grams Pancake mix 1 c. 130 grams Pecans lc., chopped 120 grams Salt It. 6 grams Sugar 1 T. 12.5 grams Sugar 1 c. 200 grams Vanilla 1 t. 5 grams chopped 124 grams