Measurements Metric Equivalents

Until everyone agrees on one system of measurement, we'll have to keep converting. On the following pages are some tables comparing metric amounts and measurements to those we use in the United States. For an easy introduction to metric cooking, read Metric Cooking for Beginners, by Ginevera Barta.

Distance/Length

Unit

Abbrev.

Meters

U.S. Equivalent

Kilometer

km.

1,000

0.62 mile

Hectometer

hm.

100

109.36 yards

Dekameter

dam.

10

32.81 feet

Meter

m.

1

39.37 inches

Decimeter

dm.

0.1

3.94 inches

Centimeter

cm.

0.01

0.39 inch

Millimeter

mm.

0.001

Unit

Abbrev.

Square Meters

U.S. Equivalent

Square kilometer

sq. km. 1,000,000

0.3861 square mile

Hectare

ha.

10,000

2.47 acres

Are

a.

100

119.60 square yards

Square centimeter

sq. cm.

0.0001 0.155 square inch

Volume

Unit

Abbrev.

Cubic Meters

U.S. Equivalent

Cubic

cu. cm.

0.000001

0.061 cubic inch

centimeter

or cc.

Cubic decimeter

cu. dm.

0.001

61.023 cubic inch

Cubic meter

eu. m.

1

1.307 cubic yards

Acres Square Miles

Mass/Weight

Unit

Abbrev. Grams

U.S. Equivalent

45 ml.

3 T.

Metric ton

t.

1,000,000

1.102 short tons

50 ml.

3 T.

Kilogram

kg-

1,000

2.20461b.

60 ml.

'Ac.

Hectogram

hg-

100

3.527 oz.

75 ml.

V3C.

Dekagram

dag.

10

0.353 oz.

125 ml.

Vic.

Gram

g-

1

0.035 oz.

200 ml.

3/4C.

Decigram

dg.

0.10

1.543 grains

250 ml.

1 C.

Centigram

cg-

0.01

0.154 grains

375 ml.

IVic.

Milligram

mg.

0.001

0.015 grain

500 ml.

2 c.

1 liter liquid (water) weighs 1 kilogram.

750 ml.

3 c.

Milliliters to Teaspoons/Tablespoons/Cups

875 ml.

3Vi c.

(Rounded Off)

.95 1. = 1 qt.

Metric

U.S. Equivalent

1 1. = 1 qt. + % c.

1ml.

Vit.

3.8 1. = 1 gai.

2 ml.

Vi t.

These equivalents

are rounded off. They're fine for cooking, but I

5 ml.

lt.

wouldn't try to do industrial chemistry with them! One milliliter

7 ml

1 1/-, t

equals .004 cup. To compute other rounded milliliter equiva

/ mi.

I /2 t.

lents, multiply .004 by the number of milliliters, and the answer

10 ml.

2 t.

is the number of cups you need.

15 ml.

IT.

U.S. Equivalent

Unit

Abbrev.

Liters

Cubic

Dry

Liquid

Kiloliter

kl.

1,000

1.31 cubic yards

Hectoliter

hi.

100

3.53 cubic feet

2.84 bushels

Dekaliter

dal.

10

0.35 cubic feet

1.14 pecks

2.64 gallons

Liter

1.

1

61.02 cubic inches

0.908 quart

1.057 quarts

Deciliter

dl.

0.10

6.1 cubic inches

0.18 pint

0.21 pint

Centiliter

cl.

0.01

0.61 cubic inch

0.338 fluid ounce

Milliliter

ml.

0.001

0.061 cubic inch

0.27 fluid dram

Cups/Quarts/Gallons to Milliliters

U.S._Metric Equivalent_

Vic.

Grams to Pounds (Rounded Off) Metric_U.S. Equivalent_

One pound equals 454 grams.

U.S. to Metric Pan Sizes

U.S._Metric Equivalent

8 x V/2 inches

9 x IV2 inches 13x9x3 inches 9x5x3 inches

20 x 4 cm. 23 x 4 cm. 33 x 23 x 5 cm. 23 x 12.5x5 cm.

Formulas for Metric/U.S. Conversions

Multiply by Result_

Original Measurement

Ounces

Grams

Pounds

28.3 0.0353 453.59

Grams

Ounces

Grams

Pounds

Ounces

Cups

Inches

Centimeters

Kilograms Milliliters Liters

Centimeters Inches

To convert a Fahrenheit temperature, subtract 32; then multiply that number by 5 and divide by 9 to get the Celsius equivalent. To convert a Celsius temperature, multiply by 9, divide that by 5, and then add 32 to get the Fahrenheit equivalent.

Metric Weight Equivalents of Common Food Measures (Rounded Off)

Food_Amount Gram Equivalent_

Baking powder

1 t.

3.65 grams

Biscuit mix

1 c.

115 grams

Butter

lc.

224 grams

Cinnamon

1 t.

1.1 grams

Cooking oil

1 c.

210 grams

Cornmeal

lc.

152 grams

Flour

lc., sifted

115 grams

Milk

1 c.

244 grams

Milk

lqt.

976 grams

Pancake mix

1 c.

130 grams

Pecans

lc., chopped

120 grams

Salt

It.

6 grams

Sugar

1 T.

12.5 grams

Sugar

1 c.

200 grams

Vanilla

1 t.

5 grams

chopped

124 grams

Continue reading here: Miscellaneous Recipes

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