Buying Tree Vine Bush or Bramble

If you can, avoid buying fruit trees mail-order. Or buy mailorder from nurseries that are near where you live—or located in the climate zone where you live. The catalog salesmanship is great, but in the long run I think you'll be happier with what you buy in person from a local nursery. The mail-order trees are cheaper. They are also smaller and in worse condition and get off to a much poorer start. Your local plant nursery knows expertly what trees are already acclimated, and if your tree should die they will quite likely replace it for you at no charge if you ask (save your receipt!). Buy the biggest (oldest) trees you can afford. It takes them long enough to grow anyway. bare Root: These are plants sold with no soil around their roots. They are usually deciduous perennials, dug while dormant. Bare root is an affordable and healthy way to buy.

genetic Dwarf: This plant is a natural shortie and not a standard plant grafted or budded onto dwarfing root-stocks. Genetic dwarfs are smaller than plants on dwarfing rootstocks.

Catalog Sources

NOTE: These sources primarily carry trees and fruits. General seed and plant suppliers are listed in Chapter 2. Very specialized nurseries are listed with their plant entry but are not listed here.

California

Exotica: Rare Fruit Nursery ships one of the world's largest selections of fruit trees worldwide. Their list includes acerola, Asian pears, bamboo, bananas of many sorts, carob, cherimoya, Surinam Chercitrus, coffee, curry leaf, figs, ginger, guavas, jujube, kiwi, loquat, longan, lychee, mango, mulberries, palms, papayas, passion fruit, persimmon, pineapple, quince, pomegranates, sapotes, star fruit, sugar cane, tamarind, pine nut, cashew, chestnut, ginkgo nut, Italian stone pine, jojoba, and macadamia; 760-724-9093; fax 760-7247724; PO Box 160, Vista, CA 92083. Visit them at 2508-B E. Vista Way, Vista, CA; www.bonusweb.com/ exotica/.

Pacific Tree Farms offers an amazing choice of subtropical and tropical plants and seeds: banana, citrus, guava, kiwi, mango, pomegranate, sapote, Surinam cherry, tea, etc.: 619-422-2400; 4301 Lynwood Dr., Chula Vista, CA 91910; www.kyburg.com/ptf.

Midwest

Seed Savers Exchange offers a 40-pg color catalog of heirloom vegetables, all open-pollinated. A truly unique selection of outstanding vegetables, flowers, and herbs: 297 varieties produced by networking home gardeners: 3076 N. Winn Rd., Decorah, IA 52101; www.seed savers.com.

Southmeadow Fruit Gardens offers a very large collection of old, new, regular, and rare fruits. Free price list: 616422-2411; Box 211, Baroda, MI 49101; www.south meadowfruitgardens.com.

Northeast

Adams County Nursery is a wholesale/retail operation that serves the northeastern U.S.: Michigan to Maine, south to Virginia. Their free catalog offers a large selection of rootstocks: apple, plum, sweet cherry, nectarine, and peach; and detailed, good instructions on pruning apple trees: PO Box 108, Aspers, PA 17304; 717-6778105; fax 717-677-4124; [email protected]; www.ac nursery.com.

Brittingham Plant Farms sells strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, blackberries, and grapes. Great service!!! 410-749-5153; fax 410-749-5148; PO Box 2538, Salisbury, MD 21802-2538.

Miller's Nursery offers berries, grapes, apples, nuts, and plums. Catalog: 800-836-9630; West Lake Rd., Canandaigua, NY 14424; www.millernurseries.com.

Nourse Farms specializes in small fruit plants: strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, blueberries, currants, etc.: 413-665-2658; fax 413-665-7888; 41 River Rd., South Deerfield, MA 01373; www.noursefarms.com.

F. W. Schumacher Co. specializes in seeds of trees and shrubs such as Christmas trees, etc. Good, conscientious folks. Details to plant each seed species on their website: www.treeshrubseeds.com; 508-888-0659; fax 508-833-0322; PO Box 1023, Sandwich, MA 02563-1023.

St. Lawrence Nurseries is an apple specialist, offering 100+ varieties and also specializing in fruits and nuts for northern climates (pears, plums, cherries, Juneberries, grapes, blueberries, lingonberries, mulberries, raspberries, edible ornamentals, nuts, and timber trees, all raised in their own nursery). They also sell books, tools, and tree tags: 315-265-6739; 325 State Hwy. 345, Potsdam, NY 13676; [email protected]

Northwest

Burnt Ridge Nursery specializes in unusual trees, shrubs, and vines that grow edible nuts or fruit: Carolyn and Michael Dolan; 360-985-2873; fax 360-985-0882; 432 Burnt Ridge Rd., Onalaska, WA 98570; [email protected] myhome.net; www.landru.myhome.net/burntridge/.

C & O Nursery is a wholesale/retail fruit-tree specialist; catalog: PO Box 116, 1700 N. Wenatchee Ave., Wenatchee, WA 98801; 509-662-7164; [email protected] nursery.com; www.c-onursery.com.

Cloud Mountain Farm is a demonstration garden par excellence, a nursery that sells young fruit trees, and also a teaching facility: 6908 Goodwin Rd., Everson, WA 98247; [email protected]; www.cloud mountainfarm.com.

Columbia Basin Nursery sells fruit trees and rootstock, wholesale/retail. Brochure: 800-333-8589; 509-7874411; fax 509-787-3944; Box 458, Quincy, WA 98848; [email protected]

Raintree Nursery offers 500 varieties of fruit, nut trees, bamboo, and berries: aronia, akebia, sweet gooseberries, currants, figs, persimmons, mulberries, lingonberries, alpine strawberries, pawpaws, etc. Free 88-pg catalog: 360-496-6400; 391 Butts Rd., Morton, WA 98356; [email protected]; www.raintree nursery.com.

Van Well Nursery sells fruit trees wholesale or retail; catalog: 509-886-8189; 800-572-1553; fax 509-8860294; PO Box 1339, 2821 Grand Rd., Wenatchee, WA 98807-1339; [email protected]; www.van well.net. South

Vernon Barnes & Son Nursery offers fruits, nuts, and berries mail-order at bargain prices and good service. Free catalog: 931-668-8576; fax 931-668-2165; PO Box 250, McMinnville, TN 37110.

Cumberland Valley Nurseries sells fruit trees, wholesale and retail. Free catalog: 931-668-4153; PO Box 471, 394 Shaffie Lane, McMinnville, TN 37110; [email protected] blomand.net.

Hidden Springs Nursery offers organically grown unusual and disease-resistant varieties including apple, pawpaw, mulberry, persimmon, and quince; catalog SI; 170 Hidden Springs Lane, Cookeville, TN 38501. No phone. No e-mail. Conscientious service from Annie!

Ison's Nursery and Vineyard offers fruits, nuts, berries, and grapes, wholesale or retail; catalog: 800-733-0324; 404-599-6970; PO Box 190, 6855 Newman Hwy., Brooks, GA 30205; www.isons.com.

Lawson's Nursery offers a free b/w catalog. Jim Lawson does his own grafting/budding. Trees: delicious quince, butternut, filbert, plum, fig, peach, pear, apple, grapes, gooseberry; walnut cracker, pecan trap (roll it across the ground and it picks up anything round!). Old-fashioned and unusual apples (more than 100 varieties): 770-893-2141; 2730 Yellow Creek Rd., Ball Ground, GA 30107; [email protected]

Patrick's Vineyard/Orchard Nursery specializes in nuts, fruits, and berries for Southern growers: 229-3889999; 800-972-2101; Pomegranate Blvd., Ty Ty, GA 31795; www.tytyga.com. West

Pikes Peak Nurseries sells retail and wholesale fruits, nuts, berries, grapes, etc.: 719-632-4751; fax 719-630-8902; 630 Abbott Lane, Colorado Springs, CO 80905; leland [email protected]; www.pikespeaknurseries.com. Trees to Reject

1. Any tree that can't stand up without support.

2. Any tree with bark wounds on its trunk. (Look under the tree wraps.) Such a tree has a much lower chance of survival.

3. Any big tree in a small pot. An 8-foot tree with a trunk that's 1 inch in diameter needs a rootball about IV2 feet in diameter to be healthy.

4. A tree with kinked or girdling roots. However, it's hard to detect these because they are often deep within the rootball.

5. Species that are known to cause problems with dropping limbs, by raising sidewalks, getting pests and diseases, or perishing from climate extremes.

6. Look out for varieties that are merely ornamentals— such as "flowering almonds" or "flowering plums, quince, pears, etc". They grow flowers, but not necessarily nuts or fruit.

Continue reading here: How to Plant a Tree

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