These pretty little bouquets are a nostalgic way to combine flowers and herbs with a personalized message

f"Pussie-mussies are small posies of 1 flowers and aromatic herbs. They were used in medieval and Elizabethan times to mask unpleasant odors and also because their scent was believed to protect the holder from diseases, such as the plague, that were thought to be spread by "bad air." This use led to their other name, "nosegays." They were also credited with refreshing the mind and sharpening the memory.

Tussie-mussies reached the peak of their popularity with floriography, or the art of sending messages by flowers, in the Victorian era. Various plants were considered to represent certain qualities or emotions. Some meanings were adapted from classical mythology, others from ancient lore and religious symbolism.

Young ladies and their suitors were well-versed in the meanings of various flowers and herbs. At the start of a courtship, it was common for a man lAJhat you/ need

C prominent flower(s) for the center (traditional tussie-mussies had a single central flower, generally a rose, but ours uses several roses)

□ 1 or 2 types of smaller complementary flowers

□ a variety of herbs and leaves

D wax florist's tape

□ about five large, broad leaves to frame the bouquet (optional)

C ribbon or strips of leftover wedding-dress fabric

C pearl pins

□ gift card to express his feelings for his intended with a tussie-mussie, known as a "word-posy." There were risks attached to this method of courtship, however: a slight mistake in shade or pattern could significantly alter the intended meaning. Also, some flowers have ambiguous or contradictory meanings: for example, hydrangeas can signify both "thank you for understanding" and "heartlessness."

Among the most common meanings were those relating to love and fidelity, making tussie-mussies most suitable for wedding bouquets. Some appropriate plants for such a bouquet might include bluebell (constancy), chervil (sincerity), forget-me-not (true love), holly (domestic happiness), honeysuckle or violet (fidelity), ivy or lime blossom (wedded love) and mint (warmth of feeling).

Continue reading here: To make your tussiemussie

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