■ Herbal medicine

Rosa conino. Part used: Rosehips. The hips of dog rose contain notable levels of vitamin C, and can be taken as a tea or syrup in winter to help fight off common colds and flus. Because of their slightly drying nature, rosehips have also been used to reduce symptoms of diarrhoea.

Medicinal preparations of rosehip, mainly in powdered form, have been the focus of recent scientific research for the treatment of osteoarthritic conditions. The results of clinical trials suggest that it may reduce symptoms of pain and stiffness.

For the safe and appropriate medicinal use of rosehips, consult your healthcare professional, and also see Pregnancy, page 236. Do not use rosehips in greater than culinary quantities if you're pregnant or breastfeeding, except under the supervision of a professional.

■ Natural beauty

Rosewater distilled from the petals is a fragrant and mildly astringent tonic for

TurfeuJv delight

Rosewater. a by-product of the distilling process that makes rose oil from rose petals, is an important flavoring in Middle Eastern cooking. It is used for some Asian and Middle Eastern sweets, including Turkish delight, and the rasgullas and gulab jatnuns of Indian cooking. TUrkish delight is a sticky, jelly-like but firm sweet, made from starch and sugar. It is traditionally flavored with rose-water and generously dusted with icing sugar; other flavors include lemon and mint. The sweet was introduced to the Wesi in the 19th century, when a British man. who was fond of it. shipped some home.

'Reine des Centfeuilles,' a Centifolia rose

the skin; it is especially useful for chapped skin and may also be used in soothing preparations for eye infections, such as conjunctivitis.

The essential oil has anti-aging effects and may be used in preparations for dry and sensitive skins as well as to reduce the appearance of fine wrinkles.

To make beauty products using the rose, see Three roses moisturizer, page 247, and Rose-petal bath bags, page 268.

■ Around the home

Place Rose and lavender pot-pourri (see page 284) in bowls around your home.

The hips (fruits) and petals of some varieties of roses - including ft. eanina, ft x damascena and ft gallica - are edible. The petals can be crystallized and used for decoration, to make rose petal jam, or (with the bitter 'heel' at the base of the petals removed) added to salads. See recipe for Rose-petal jelly, page 376.

Rosehips are high in vitamin C and can be made into jams, jellies or a syrup that serves as a dietary supplement for babies.

Ras el hanout, the Moroccan spice blend (see page 368), has many variations, some of which contain dried rose petals and flower buds.

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Opposite: The beautiful Rosa canina is a source of rosehip oil, which has benefits for the skin.

Scholars in ancient times wore rosemary garlands during exams to improve their concentration.

Continue reading here: Rosemary

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