Substances known as alkaloids are responsible for the plant's sedating and pain-killing properties, and are similar to those found in opium poppy, from which morphine and codeine are derived. However, the alkaloids that are found in Californian poppy have a far gentler therapeutic effect and are also regarded as non-habit forming.

Popover rhoeas. Part used: petals. Despite being closely related to the opium poppy, the red or field poppy possesses none of its counterpart's potent narcotic effects. Instead, it is used as a reliable traditional remedy for soothing respiratory conditions that are associated with irritable coughing and the presence of catarrh. Red poppy is regarded as mildly sedating and can be useful for alleviating poor or disturbed sleep.

Poppy teedti, the/Mur ce/

o^/ fwppy oit, are/ harmlzM/ ^icu/oriru^ ^or bakedyjodti.

For the safe and appropriate use of Californian and red poppy, consult your healthcare professional. Do not use these herbs if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Poppy seeds are not narcotic and are widely liked for their flavor and crunchy texture. They are popular in baked goods, such as breads, cakes, pastries, muffins and bagels. In India, the seeds are ground and used to thicken sauces. The seeds also feature in Jewish and German cooking.

Remembrance l)a\

In the World War I battlefields around (•'landers in northern Europe, red or field poppies bloomed everywhere in the ravaged earth. Since then, they have (»come a symbol of Armistice or Remembrance Day on 11 November each year. John McCrae wrote the following poem in 1915. ihe day after he witnessed Ihe death of a friend.

Red or field poppy [Popover rhoeas)

On Novembertl, Remembrance Day, wreaths of artificial field poppies are placed on war memorials in memory of the fallen.

In ^tander^ ^ieldb

In Flanders fields the poppies blow Between the crosses, row on row. Thai mark our place: and in the sky The larks, still bravely singing, fly Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the dead. Short days ago We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow. Loved, and were loved, and now we lie In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe To you from railing hands we throw The torch; lie yours h> hold it high ir ye break faiili with us who die We shall not sleep, though poppies grow In Flanders fields.

Ma|or John McCine. 1872-1918

On Novembertl, Remembrance Day, wreaths of artificial field poppies are placed on war memorials in memory of the fallen.

Primrose and cowslip

1 in the Middle Ages, strewin

Primula vulgaris, P. veris Primulaceae

Cowslips were once known as "cowsloppes." in (he belief lhal ihey grew in cow droppings, or as the "keys of Si Peter." who supposedly dropped ihe keys from heaven, causing cowslips to spring up where they fell.

Other common name Paigle (cowslip) Parts used Leaves, flowers, roots

Continue reading here: Gardening

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