Tilio cordoto syn. T. parvifolia, T. x europaeo Tiliaceae

Called the "tree of life" due to its many medicinal uses, in the medieval period lime was associated with the Virgin Mary, and was planted for its fragrant healing flowers and to provide shade in monastery gardens.

Other common names Linden, tilia Part used Flowers

Small-leafed lime (T. cordoto) is a small-to-medium deciduous tree (to 33 ft.)(10 m) with glossy, dark green, heart-shaped leaves. In midsummer, it bears clusters of pale yellow flowers, heavy with fragrance, which attract bees to their copious nectar. Hives placed around flowering trees yield a prized fragrant honey. While T. cordoto is the principal species harvested, other species used herbally include T. x europaeo and T. platyphyllos. Tilia is occasionally confused with the citrus fruit species known as lime (Citrus aurontiifolia).

Lime [Tilia cordata)

Lime is also known as the linden tree in Germany and f/V/eu/in France.

• Position Tilia prefers a moist neutral to alkaline soil and a sunny open position.

• Propagation It can be propagated by fresh ripe seed or by stratification of stored seed planted in spring (see page 44) and also by suckers.

• Maintenance Tilia species tend to sucker. Either remove these, or pot them and, when established, plant elsewhere.

• Pests and diseases Aphids and caterpillars on leaves can be a problem, although rarely so in Mediterranean areas. Look out for gall mite, too.

• Harvesting and storing The petals drop rapidly to allow the fruits to swell so, over a short time interval, harvest flower clusters together with a few attendant young leaves at the peak of flowering. Spread out the flowers and thoroughly air-dry them before storing.

Continue reading here: Herbal medicine

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