Herb directory

The history of herbs, their uses, and methods of cultivation are fascinating, rewarding topics. This practical guide to more than 100 herbs, most of which can be grown in a home garden, tells you how to cultivate, use and store herbs.

Top row, left to right: Common thyme (Thymus vulgaris), feverfew (Tanacetum cinerariifolium), Ocimum basilicum 'Thai Basil' and Ocimum basilicum 'Dark Opal'

Middle row, left to right: Common sage (Salvia officinalis), pink-flowering rosemary (a variety of Rosmarinus officinalis), hawthorn (Crataegussp.)

Bottom row, left to right: Marsh mallow (Althaea officinalis), rau ram or Vietnamese mint (Persicaria odorata syn. Polygonum odoratum)

Herb directory

Aloe vera Angelica Anise

Anise hyssop

Arnica

Artemisia

Basil

Bergamot

Borage

Brahmi

Burdock___

Calendula

Caraway

Catnip

Celery

Chamomile

Chervil

Chilli

Clove pinks

Comfrey

Coriander

Curry plant

Dandelion

Dill

Echinacea Elder

Eucalyptus

Evening primrose

Eyebright

Fennel

Feverfew

Flax

Galangal

Garlic and onions

Ginger

Ginkgo

Ginseng

Gotu kola

Heartsease

Hops

Horseradish and wasabi

Horsetail

Hyssop

Iris

Jasmine Lavender

12 Lemon balm

13 Lemon grass

14 Lemon verbena

15 Licorice

17 Lovage

18 Mallow and hollyhock 21 Marjoram and oregano

23 Meadowsweet

24 Mint

25 Nettle

26 Parsley

27 Passionflower

28 Peony

29 Perilla _

30 Plantain

31 Poppy

32 Primrose and cowslip

33 Purslane

34 Red clover

38 Rocket or arugula

39 Rose

40 Rosemary

41 St John's wort

42 Sage

43 Salad burnet

44 Savory

45 Scented geranium

46 Sorrel

48 Sweet cicely

49 Sweet myrtle

50 Sweet violet

51 Sweet woodruff

52 Tansy

53 Tarragon

54 Tea

58 Tea tree

59 Thyme

60 Turmeric

61 Valerian

62 Vervain

63 Viburnum

64 Watercress and nasturtium

65 White horehound

66 Yarrow

67 Trees

68 Berries 70 Spices

80 82 83

86 88

98 100 104

108 111 112 113

120 121

134 136 138

Plant the dried-out plantlets into small pots filled with gritty free-draining potting mix.

Aloe vera syn. A barbodensis, A. vulgaris Aloeaceae

Aloe vera

Aloe vera syn. A barbodensis, A. vulgaris Aloeaceae

The ancient Egyptians called it the "plant of immortality." anil Cleopatra used its juices to help preserve her beauty. The clear gel from the cut leaves has soothing and healing properties. Aloe vera is suitable for large pots and rockeries and as an indoor pla

Other common names Barbados aloe, bitter aloe, Curacao aloe Part used Leaves

Aloe vera is a succulent plant with very fleshy light green leaves that create a fan from the stemless base. In warm climates it produces narrow tubular yellow flowers. Cape aloe (A ferox) is a tall single-stemmed species that has long, grayish, spiny succulent leaves and tall, handsome spikes of tawny orange flowers.

• Position Aloe requires a sunny position and a very well-drained soil.

• Propagation Aloe vera can be raised from seed, but it rarely sets seed in other than warm climates. Propagate it from offsets that form at the base of the plant. Allow these plantlets to dry for two days before planting them into small pots filled with a gritty free-draining potting mix. Once they are well established, transfer them to their permanent position.

• Maintenance Aloe is affected by even light frosts, and in areas where winter temperatures fall below 40°F (5°C), it is best grown in pots and brought indoors in cool weather. It makes an excellent indoor plant in good light.

• Pests and diseases Mealybug may prove a problem for plants grown indoors, although it rarely occurs on those grown in the garden. Spray with insecticidal soap, which is nontoxic to animals and leaves no residue. Apply it late in the afternoon, because it can burn sensitive plants in full sun or at high temperatures.

• Harvesting and storing Harvest leaves as needed, using only as much of the leaf as required. Cut the used end back to undamaged tissue, then wrap in plastic wrap and store in the refrigerator for further use.

Herbal medicine

Aloe sp., including Aloe vera syn. A. barbodensis and A. ferox. Part used: leaves. The clear mucilaginous gel from the center of the aloe vera leaf has anti-inflammatory and healing properties. Probably best known for its ability to encourage the healing of burns, aloe vera gel can also be applied to wounds, abrasions, eczema, psoriasis, and ulcers.

The exudate from the cut aloe vera leaf acts as an extremely cathartic laxative, and consequently, homemade preparations of aloe vera should not be consumed. Commercial preparations (without the laxative constituents) are available, and preliminary research indicates that they may be beneficial in a range of conditions, including non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and high blood lipid levels.

For the safe and appropriate use of aloe vera, see First aid, page 220. Do not take aloe vera internally if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Topical application is considered safe during these times.

■ Natural beauty

Ultra-soothing and nourishing for even the most parched and dehydrated skin, aloe vera is also a mild exfoliant, gently removing dead skin cells and stimulating cell regeneration, helping to prevent scarring and diminish wrinkles. For specific treatments, see Sunburn, page 255, and Hands and nails, page 258. To treat your cat or dog, see Herbal pet care, page 297.

Aloe vera

12 tHE COMPLETE ILLUSTRATED BOOK OF HERBS

Angelica

Angelica archangeliea Apiaceae

A showy, aromatic herb, angelica has bolh medicinal and culinary uses. Angelica's name honors ihe archangel Raphael, who is said to ha\e revealed to a monk that the plant could cure the plague.

Other common name Archangel Parts use Leaves, stems, seeds, roots

Native to northern Europe, Angelica archangeliea grows to 4 ft. (1.2 m) and has ribbed hollow stems, compound leaves and a flowering stem that can reach 6 ft. (1.8 ml, although it often does not appear until the third year.

Ornamental angelica (A pachycarpa) grows to about 3.5 ft. (1 m) high and has shiny dark green leaves. It is mostly grown for its ornamental value. Purple-stem angelica (A atropurpúrea) has similar uses to A. archangelica. It grows to about 6 ft. (1.8 m), has stems suffused with purple, and pale green to white flowers. The most striking species is the beautiful A. gigas, which grows to 6 ft. (1.8 m), with deep garnet buds opening to large wine red to rich purple flowers.

• Position Angelica requires a shady position in well-drained but moist and slightly acidic soil that has been enriched with compost. Allow a distance of 3.5 ft. (1 m) between plants.

• Propagation Plant angelica seed soon after collection. Mix the seed with damp, but not wet, vermiculite and place the mixture in a sealed plastic bag (see also page 44). Store in the crisper section of the refrigerator for six to eight weeks before planting into seed trays. Barely cover the seed, and keep the soil moist. Transplant seedlings when around 4 in. (10 cm) high or when the fifth and sixth leaves emerge.

• Maintenance Plants die once the seed has matured, but you can delay this by removing the emerging flower stem. First-year plants will die back in winter but will grow readily in spring. Water regularly.

• Pests and diseases This plant is virtually pest- and disease-free. The flowers are attractive to many beneficial insects, including parasitoid wasps and lacewings.

• Harvesting and storing Harvest the leaves and flowering stalks in the second year. Dig the roots at the end of the second year, then wash and dry them. Gather the seed when brown and dry.

Herbal medicine

Angelica archangelica. Part used: roots. Angelica is an Important digestive tonic in European herbal medicine. It stimulates the production of gastric juices and can relieve symptoms of poor appetite, dyspepsia and nausea. Angelica can also reduce the discomfort of flatulence, stomach cramps and bloating. It is a warming herb and suited to individuals who suffer from the effects of cold weather.

For the safe and appropriate use of angelica and dong quai (see box below),

Angelica IAngelica archangelica)

consult your healthcare professional. Do not use angelica in greater than culinary quantities. Do not use dong quai if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Angelica is a popular boiled or steamed vegetable dish in some Scandinavian countries; it has a musky, bittersweet taste. The dried seeds and stems are used (in maceration or via the essential oil) in vermouth and liqueurs such as Chartreuse and Benedictine. Crystallized leaves and young stems are a popular decoration for cakes and sweets.

Blanch young shoots for use in salads. Use leaves and stalks in marinades and in poaching liquids for seafood. Add leaves to recipes for tart fruits, such as rhubarb. They cut the acidity, and their sweetness allows you to reduce the amount of sugar.

Angelica polymorphs var. sinensis. Part used: roots. Indigenous to China, dong quai is found in damp meadows, moisi valleys, and on riverbanks. Ii grows to about (i ft. (1.0 m) and has grpenish white flowers Worldwide, dong quai is one of the most commonly used women's herbs. In traditional Chinese medicine it is considered a valuable tonic for ihp female reproductive system and is used to treat many menstrual and menopausal symptoms.

Continue reading here: Where To Buy Anisum Seeds Or Plant

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