Where To Buy Anisum Seeds Or Plant

Pimpinello anisum Apiaceae

Anise is responsible for much of the "licorice" flavoring in baked goods, liqueurs, teas, and chewing gum. Chinese star anise and aniseed myrtle, although unrelated to anise, have a similar flavor.

Other common names Aniseed, common anise

Parts used Roots (anise only), leaves, seeds, dried fruits (star anise only)

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Anise (Pimpinello anisum)

Anise (Pimpinello anisum)

Anise is an aromatic annual with stalked, toothed leaves that may be simple or lobed. The slender flowering stems bear compound umbels of white flowers followed by ridged gray seeds.

Chinese star anise (lllicium verum, Family llliciaceae), an evergreen tree,

A culinary star

Star anise is an essential ingredient in many Asian cuisines. In Vietnamese cooking it is used to flavor the noodle soup known as pho. Along with Sichuan pepper, cloves, cassia and fennel seeds, it is a component in Chinese five-spice mix (ingrpilienis pictured below) and in Indian garam masala.

You can use star anise whole, broken, or ground. Add it to pork, chicken, or duck stews. Insert a whole star anise into the cavity of a chicken or duck before roasting.

bears fruits that open to an eight-pointed star. Do not confuse it with the neurotoxic Japanese star anise (lllicium anisatum) or the inedible Florida anise (/. floridonum).

Aniseed myrtle (Backhousio anisoto, Family Myrtaceae) is a beautiful small tree from the rain forests of northern New South Wales, Australia. The leaves are strongly aromatic, with a sweet anise scent.

• Position Anise prefers an enriched, light, well-drained and fairly neutral soil.

• Propagation Sow anise seed directly in spring. Propagate Chinese star anise by semi-ripe cuttings; they will grow in well-drained but moist, acidic soil in light shade. Propagate aniseed myrtle from semi-hardwood cuttings. It is quite hardy, will grow in full sunlight, and prefers a deep, rich, moist acidic soil.

• Maintenance Keep anise free of weeds.

• Pests and diseases Anise repels aphids and attracts beneficial insects, such as parasitoid wasps.

• Harvesting and storing Cut anise when the seeds are fully developed. Tie bunches inside paper bags and hang them upside down to dry and catch the seed. Harvest leaves as required, and dig up roots in autumn. Harvest star anise fruits just before ripening, and harvest firm leaves of aniseed myrtle at any time.

Herbal medicine

Pimpinello anisum, lllicium verum. Part used: dried ripe fruits. Anise and its Chinese equivalent, star anise, are used medicinally for similar purposes. Despite belonging to different plant families, the essential oils derived from the seeds of each plant both contain a high percentage of a compound called anethole, which imparts the licorice-like flavor. They both possess calming and antispasmodic properties, making them ideal remedies for alleviating flatulence, intestinal colic, and bloating. Do not use star anise in infants and young children, as it has produced serious side-effects. Backhousio anisato. Part used: leaves. The essential oil of aniseed myrtle is believed to be similar to that of anise, although little is known of its medicinal use. Some studies suggest it may have important antimicrobial properties.

For the safe and appropriate use of anise and star anise, see Indigestion, page 204, and Wind, bloating and flatulence, page206. For aniseed myrtle consult your healthcare professional. Do not use these herbs in greater than culinary quantities if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Anise seeds and oil are used throughout Europe in drinks such as the French pastis, the Greek ouzo, and Turkish raki. Use the seeds whole or crushed, but for the best flavor grind them as you need them. Use them in bakery goods, confectionery, tomato-based dishes, vegetable and seafood dishes, curries, pickles, soups, and stews. Add the young leaves sparingly to green salads, fish dishes, fruit salads, and cooked vegetables.

The leaves of aniseed myrtle are a major Australian bush-food spice. Use dried or fresh to flavor desserts, preserves, sweet or savory sauces, and marinades.

1. Sichuan pepper 2. Cassia 3. Cloves 4. Star anise 5. Fennel seeds

Anise hyssop

Agastache foeniculum syn. A anethiodora Lamiaceae

Many agastaches have fragrant foliage. Iheir scents ranging from anise to mint and citrus. The leaves are used to make herbal tea. for flavoring, and in medicines, while the ornamental flower spikes, which attract beneficial insects, make a pretty addition to salads.

Other common names Anise mint, giant blue hyssop, licorice mint Parts used Leaves, flowers

Anise hyssop (A foeniculum) is a hardy perennial with a sweet anise scent. Both balsamic and peppermint-pennyroyal scented forms are available. • Varieties Two varieties are 'Golden Jubilee', with its golden foliage, and white-flowered 'Alabaster', while fragrant varieties and hybrids include 'Heather Queen' and 'Just Peachy'.

Korean mint (A rugoso), similar to anise hyssop, is a short-lived perennial, slightly more frost-tender, with a flower that ranges in color from rose to violet.

Licorice mint (A rupestris) is a perennial with small licorice-scented leaves and spikes of nectar-rich apricot flowers.

Hummingbird mint (A cono) is a spectacular perennial species growing to 3 ft (90 cm) with long, dense spikes of large rosy pink flowers and aromatic foliage.

Korean mint (A. rugoso). with its lavender blue flowers, is also known as wrinkled giant hyssop.

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QreeJ? uoorofb ^or "uerty nvcocJv" and "ear o^/ wheat, " re^erriru^ to the< flower tyiikeA/.

• Position A foeniculum, A. rugoso, and A urticifolio prefer light shade and a slightly acid to neutral soil. Most other species are from areas with a dry climate, are water-thrifty, prefer a light well-drained soil and sunny position, and are well-suited to pot culture.

• Propagation Sow agastache seed in spring; just cover the seed with soil. It takes 6 to 8 weeks to germinate. Plant in pots when large enough. Established plants produce many basal shoots in spring. Propagate these as softwood cuttings and plant outside in summer, or multiply plants by root division.

• Maintenance Agastaches are generally hardy. In cool-climate areas keep plants in a greenhouse and transfer to the garden in their second spring; in warm-climate areas do so in the first summer.

• Pests and diseases Leaf-chewing insects can be a minor problem.

• Harvesting and storing Use the leaves and flowers freshly picked, or dry them by hanging them upside down in small bunches away from direct sunlight. They will retain their color and scent.

The flowers of anise hyssop yield large quantities of nectar, which was popular with North American beekeepers in the 19th century for producing a faintly aniseed-flavored honey. Native American Indians used it as a tea and a sweetener.

Infuse the dried leaves to make a hot or cold drink. Also, use them to season lamb, chicken or salmon. Add the seeds to cakes and muffins. Use the flowers or fresh leaves of anise hyssop or Korean mint in salads. Korean mint has a peppermint and aniseed flavor and aroma and is a good substitute for mint.

Aniseed Lllicium Verum
Anise hyssop (Agastache foeniculum syn. A anethiodora)

Arnica

Arnica montona Asteraceae

There are about 30 species of \rnica. and all of them are perennials thai spread l>\ rhizomes. With ils cheerful golden flowers, arnica has long been used for sprains and bruises as well as homeopathic treatments.

Othe :ornmon names Leopard's bane, mountain tobacco Part used Flowers

Arnica montona is an aromatic hardy perennial that forms a basal rosette of leaves. From late spring to late summer, it produces flowering stems up to 2 ft. (60 cm) high, and each terminates in a single, golden, daisy flower. • Varieties Most varieties are native to subalpine areas. European arnica (A montona) is also known as mountain tobacco and leopard's bane (not to be confused with the ornamental perennial leopard's bane, Doronicum orientate, which is also poisonous, from the family Asteraceae). Native to the northern Iberian peninsula northward to Scandinavia, its natural habitat is low, ferte meadows to an

Arnica is toxic in all but the tiniest doses. In some countries, it is restricted to external use only.

altitude of about 1,000 ft. (3,000 m). Arnica montona is becoming rare, due to over-collection and the inroads of agriculture, and wild collection is being curtailed.

Consequently, the American species A chamissonis is sometimes used in its place in herbal treatment.

• Position Arnica requires a cool climate and full sun as well as slightly acid to slightly alkaline free-draining soil. In areas with wet winters, grow it in raised beds to prevent fungal attack.

• Propagation You can raise arnica from seed but you'll need a period of moist cold. In climates with cold winters, sow the seed outside in autumn. In milder winter areas, stratify the seed by mixing it with a little damp vermiculite or sterile sand. Seal it in a plastic bag, and place it in the crisper tray of the refrigerator for about 12 weeks before sowing (see also page 44). Propagate mature plants by division in spring.

• Maintenance Arnica is a slow grower and resents competition from pasture weeds such as white clover. Mulch well and weed regularly, or grow plants in weed mat.

• Pests and diseases Fungal rots occur in wet winters.

• Harvesting and storing Gather the flowers when fully open and dry them.

Arnica (Arnica montana)

Herbal medicine

Arnica montana, A. chamissonis. Part used: flowers. Arnica flowers have significant anti-inflammatory and mild analgesic properties. They are applied topically in the form of infused oils, ointments and creams to bruises, sprains and strains to encourage healing and to reduce the discomfort of pain and swelling. The pain-relieving effects of arnica also make this a suitable topical remedy for the treatment of sore and aching muscles and rheumatic joint problems.

Internally, Arnica montana is taken as a homeopathic remedy, in a very dilute preparation of the herb. It may help with the emotional effects of trauma as well as shock resulting from injury. It may also help to alleviate the physical complaints described above.

Arnica has been ruled unsafe in some countries. For the safe and appropriate use of arnica, see First aid, page 220. Do not use arnica if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Arnica is toxic in all but the tiniest doses. In some countries, it is restricted to external use only.

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Artemisia

Artemisia sp. Asteraceae

Named for the Greek goddess Artemis. Artemisia is a genus containing about 300 species, although few are grown in gardens. A number Juf»' of species inhibit other plants, sometimes to the point of death, r

Other common names Artemisio absinthium: wormwood, old woman. A. pontica: Roman wormwood, old warrior. A. abrotanum: southernwood, lad's love, maiden's ruin, old man. A afra: wilde als Parts used Aerial parts, roots

Wormwood IA absinthium) forms a woody shrub to about 2.5 ft (80 cm) with a bittersweet smell. Its deeply incised gray-green leaves are densely covered in fine hairs. Tree wormwood (A arborescens) resembles wormwood but grows upright to about 5 to 6 ft (1.5 to 1.8 m), with narrower leaf segments; it smells less strongly. Roman wormwood (A pontica) is a low-growing plant to about 1.5 ft. (40 cm), with finely cut, scented leaves. It spreads by rhizomes.

White sage or native wormwood

(A ludoviciana) has silvered foliage. An aromatic upright subshrub to 4 ft. (1.2 m) that spreads by stolons, it is used as ornamental ('Silver King' is popular). Mugwort (A vulgaris) is a perennial that spreads via rhizomes. It grows to about 3 ft (90 cm), with deeply incised leaves that are deep green above and grayish white below.

Southernwood (A abrotanum) forms an upward-growing bush to about 3 ft. (90 cm) with threadlike, finely divided leaves with a "lemon and camphor" smell. Wilde als (A afra) is indigenous to Africa, from the Western Cape up to Ethiopia. A popular garden plant, it forms clumpy bushes from 1.5 to 6.5 ft. (0.5 to 2 m).

• Varieties Some excellent ornamental forms of A absinthium include "Lambrook Silver" and aromatic "Powis Castle," a hybrid.

• Position Most species prefer full sun, good drainage and almost neutral soil, (although mugwort tolerates partial shade).

As it is strongly insecticidal, use it as a companion plant in the edge of gardens.

• Propagation Propagate all perennial artemisias by semi-hardwood cuttings taken from midsummer to autumn, or raise from seed. Propagate rhizomatous species by root division in autumn. Directly sow the annual species A annua into the garden in spring, or raise as seedlings and transplant at 6 weeks.

• Maintenance Lightly prune and shape perennial bushy artemisias in spring. Prune southernwood heavily in spring. Artemisias are a drought-tolerant group once they are established, and perennial forms have good frost tolerance.

• Pests and diseases Wormwoods are very rarely troubled by pests and diseases.

• Harvesting and storing Harvest the leaves as required to use fresh or dried.

Herbal medicine

A absinthium. Parts used: aerial parts.

Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)

Tree wormwood (Artemisia aborescens)

Wormwood is used to treat symptoms associated with poor digestion, including wind. In many cultures it is regarded as a valuable remedy for worm infestations and other parasitic infections of the gut. It is also used as a nerve tonic and to treat fever and menstrual complaints.

A vulgaris. Parts used: aerial parts. Mugwort is used as a digestive stimulant and nerve tonic, and is also used to treat menstrual problems.

A annua. Parts used: aerial parts. According to traditional Chinese medicine, Chinese wormwood (qing hao) is a cold remedy and is used for treating fevers, rashes and nosebleeds. It is the subject of intense scientific research. See Herbs in the future, page 187, for more information.

A afra. Parts used: leaves, stems, roots. Wilde als is used as a traditional medicine by many African cultures, and like wormwood and mugwort, is sometimes takenas a digestive tonic. Other traditional applications include respiratory problems, such as colds, flu, sore throats and nasal congestion, for which it is sometimes applied topically.

For the safe and appropriate use of these herbs, consult your healthcare professional. Do not use these herbs if you are pregnant or breastfeedino

Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum I

Continue reading here: Basil

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  • Medhane
    Where to buy anisum seeds or plant?
    9 years ago