Soja

Soja France, Spain Soya Sojabohne Germany Soya bean Sojasosse Germany Soya sauce sokeri Finland Sugar Solarium melongena Botanical name Aubergine Solanum torvum Botanical name Pea aubergine Solanum tuberosum Botanical name Potato Solanum x Burbankii Botanical name Wonderberry sole England, France The name given to several types of flatfish, in particular Dover sole, lemon sole and witch or Torbay sole. Also called flounder sole Albert Whole soles skinned and cleaned, one side dipped in melted...

Chakchouka

Seasoned sweet peppers, onions and skinned tomatoes sliced and saut ed in olive oil with harissa until soft and blended. Formed into patties, a hollow made in each and a raw egg put in and cooked until set. 2. A vegetable stew from Morocco similar to ratatouille, sometimes with eggs added to resemble a piperade. Also called thetchouka chakhokbili Southwest Asia A Georgian meat and potato stew made with lamb or chicken pieces browned in oil, chopped onions and tomatoes...

Uzvar

Unna coffee East Africa The traditional coffee of Ethiopia which is roasted, ground and brewed at the table unpolished rice Rice from which the bran and most of the germ has been removed. See also brown rice unsaturated fat See polyunsaturated unshu-mikan Japan Satsuma unsweetened chocolate Chocolate containing no sugar, used for baking uova alla Bela Rosin Italy Egg mayonnaise uova con pancetta Italy Bacon and eggs uova di bufala Italy Mozzarella di bufala uova di pesce Italy Hard fish roe...

Beef tenderloin

Removed and the sauce strained after simmering for at least 30 minutes. A very important base and often referred to simply as b chamel. b che-de-mer France Sea cucumber (note Literally 'spade of the sea'.) beckasin Sweden Snipe b csi heringsalata Hungary Herring salad with vinegar Beda Egypt A soft scalded-curd cheese made from buffalos' or cows' milk. The unbroken salted curd is drained in cheese cloth and may be eaten fresh or ripened for up to 3 months. Contains 53 water, 21 fat and 19...

Eierfrucht

Eierfrucht Germany Aubergine Eierhaber Switzerland A type of omelette made with eggs, milk, seasoning and a little flour, cooked then cut in small pieces Eierkuchen Germany Pancake Eierpflanze Germany Aubergine Eierr sti Switzerland Diced bread soaked in milk then mixed with beaten eggs and cooked in butter Eierteigwaren Germany Egg noodles and egg-based pasta ei gebakken Netherlands Fried egg eindosen Germany To can eingemacht Germany Preserved, as of fruits, etc. Eingemachte Germany 1. Jam 2....

Cane syrup

Cane syrup United States The concentrated juice from sugar cane used in place of golden syrup or molasses caneton France A small duck or duckling caneton a la rouennaise France A Rouen duck strangled, plucked whilst warm, liver less the gall bladder returned to the cavity, spit-roasted for 15 to 30 minutes and skinned. Legs removed and thigh bones excised, brushed with butter, grilled and salted, wing removed, paneed and grilled and all, together with the sliced breast, served with a sauce made...

Wallies

Wallies United Kingdom Pickled cucumbers (colloquial) Walliser Raclette Germany, Switzerland The general name for the semi-hard scalded-curd cows' milk cheeses made in the Valais region and used as melting cheeses and for raclette Walliskase Switzerland A hard, cooked-curd cows' milk cheese suitable for slicing or grating. See also Saanenkase walnoot Netherlands Walnut Walnuss Germany Walnut walnut The brown nut from the fruit of the walnut tree, Juglans regia and J. nigra, which when ripe has...

Matapa

Eggs, simmered in stock until tender, drained, cooled and sliced for use as an appetizer matapa South Africa A dish from Mozambique consisting of cassava leaves cooked in a peanut sauce, often with prawns or other additions matar dal South Asia Yellow dal matbucha North Africa A sweet tomato chutney from Morocco matefaim France Matafan aux pommes matelote France A rich freshwater fish stew made with wine, onions and mushrooms matelote blanche, sauce France Sauce canoti re with the addition of...

A

Aachar Indonesia, South Asia Shredded cabbage and other vegetables. See also acar aahaar Nepal Food aal Netherlands Eel Aal Germany Eel Aalquappe Germany Eel pout Aalsuppe Germany Eel soup aam South Asia Ripe mango aamchur South Asia A flavouring similar made from unripe mango. See also amchoor aam ka achar South Asia A type of mango pickle. Halved unripe mangoes are mixed with fenugreek, turmeric, asafoetida, dried red chillies and salt, allowed to rest, then covered with warm mustard oil and...

Turtle soup

Also called turban squash turlu Turkey A mixed vegetable stew including a selection from onions, sweet peppers, tomatoes, green beans, courgettes, aubergines, okra, squash, chillies and the like turmeric The boiled and skinned root of a perennial plant, Curcuma longa, which is dried and ground. It originated in India but is now also grown in East Asia and South America. It has a slightly aromatic peppery and musky taste and imparts a deep yellow colour to food....

Herzmuschel

Mixture is boiled in a well-greased covered pudding basin for 2 hours. Hemerocallis fulva Botanical name The day lily from which lily buds are obtained hemicellulose A polysaccharide carbohydrate found in fruit and vegetables. Some forms known as pectin are responsible for the setting of jams. hen The female of a bird, usually the female chicken which has been bred to lay eggs Hendl Austria Chicken Henne Germany Hen hennepot Belgium Chicken hotpot herb A generic name for low growing plants and...

Smoked cods roe

Cucumber salad and redcurrant or cranberry jelly. slouk Laver slow cook, to To cook at a low temperature in the range 80 to 95 C slow cooker A thermostatically controlled electrically heated deep metal container into which a lidded earthenware or glass, deep and well fitting pot is placed. Used for slow cooking food at or below simmering temperature for long periods of time. Slow Food Society Italy The Arcigola slow food society of Cuneo, Italy was formed in 1986 to promote slow eating and has...

Teiggerichte

Sauce made from molten butter blended with one sixth its volume of port, an anchovy fillet or anchovy essence and a little mushroom ketchup. All placed in a covered dish and baked at 190 C for 45 minutes. Teiggerichte Germany Macaroni dishes teisen gri Wales See Welsh griddle cake teisen lap Wales An oblong fruit and spice cake eaten when cold as buttered slices teisennau cocos Wales Cockle cakes teisennau tatws Wales Welsh potato cakes teisen nioned Wales Onion cake teisen resi Wales Rice...

Tuna

Tsatsiki Greece Finely chopped or grated, deseeded cucumber, salted and drained, washed, dried and mixed with yoghurt, chopped garlic and mint, seasoning and possibly oil and vinegar. Used as a dip or constituent of mezze and eaten with pitta bread. Also called talattouri, tzajiki, zatziki, tzatsiki tseng dau gok China A dark green variety of long bean tseng gwa China Cucumber tseng loh baak China Green oriental radish tsimmes 1. A thickened Jewish New Year dish of brisket of beef simmered with...

Black Forest cherry cake See Black Forest gateau

Black Forest gateau A layered chocolate sponge partially soaked In klrsch-flavoured sugar syrup, with whipped cream and black cherries between the layers, the whole decorated with whipped cream, cherries and grated chocolate or caraque. Also called Black Forest cherry cake Black Forest ham A smoked and air-dried ham from southern Germany with a strong flavour. Served with potato salad. black forest mushroom See shiitake mushroom black fungus Cloud ear fungus black game See black grouse black...

Mother

Mother The name often given to a undefined mass of microorganisms, yeasts, bacteria, etc. which are used to start a fermentation mother of vinegar The whitish flora which grows on the surface of naturally brewed vinegar used as a starter for vinegar moti sonf South Asia Fennel mouclade France A mussel stew with a white wine and cream sauce thickened with egg yolks moudre France To grind moufflon See mouflon mouflon England, France A wild sheep originally from Corsica but now the name applies to...

Provitamin A

Edible tubers such as eddoes, dasheen and cassava or starchy fruit and vegetables, i.e. main carbohydrate sources provitamin A See carotenes Provola Italy A soft spun-curd cheese made with buffalo or cows' milk in the same way as Mozzarella but ending up rather more firm. It is formed into 500 g pear shapes and a string tied around the top leaves a small sphere where the stalk of the pear would be. Provolone Italy A hard, scalded and spun-curd smooth-textured, pale yellow cheese made from...

Verace

It can be cooked or eaten raw. Also called smooth venus clam verace Italy Authentic, fresh, not tinned verats a la brasa Catalonia Mackerel cooked over an open flame verbena Italy, Spain, United States Lemon verbena Verbena Germany Lemon verbena verde Italy Green verdesca Italy A type of shark verdura Italy, Spain Vegetables, greens vergine Italy Virgin olive oil verigueto Spain Warty venus clam Veritable Nantais France Nantais verivanukas Finland Black pudding verjuice In...

Teifi salmon

Tatws llaeth Wales New potatoes cooked in their skins, peeled then served in a bowl with buttermilk Taube Germany Pigeon taucheo Malaysia Yellow bean sauce tauge Indonesia Bean sprouts tauhu tod Thailand Fried bean curd tau kau China Nutmeg tau ngok Thailand Mung bean or bean sprouts taupe France Porbeagle shark tau sa Malaysia Yellow bean sauce tausi Philippines Bean curd cheese tavola calda Italy Snack bar tavola fredda Italy Cold buffet, cold table tavsan Turkey Hare tawa South Asia A...

Black sea bass

See black-eyed pea 1 2. United Kingdom Cow pea black-eyed pea 1. A legume, Vigna catjang, related to other species of the genus Vigna (cow pea and long bean) from South America but now grown also in India and Southeast Asia. The pods grow up to 60 cm long and the beans when mature are yellow-brown to red in colour with a dark eye and similar in size and and shape to a kidney bean. To confuse matters it is sometimes referred to as asparagus bean which is a completely different...

Frisches Obst

Scotland Chicken stock thickened with a liaison of eggs and cream to which is added finely chopped chicken meat at the rate of 150 g per litre. This is warmed to not more than 85 C to avoid curdling, garnished with parsley and served immediately. friar's omelette A baked omelette with stewed apples fricadelle 1. Fried small meatballs of minced beef and pork, etc. See also frikadeller 2. France Croquette fricandeau England, France A slice of meat, usually cushion veal,...

Sunfruit

Sunfruit A citrus hybrid grown in Swaziland which is very similar to the New Zealand grapefruit sung kha ya Thailand An egg custard made with sweetened coconut milk flavoured with jasmine essence or orange-flower water and baked in the shells of young coconuts sunnyside up United States Describes a fried egg with the yolk uppermost on a plate, which has not been turned over in the frying pan to set the yolk sunomono Japan A variety of salad-type dishes (poultry, seafood, vegetables, etc.)...

Origano

Are eaten as food.especially in southeastern USA. The American variety can weigh up to 5 kg. There are many other species of opossum which are generally smaller and of no value as food. See also manicou. Also called possum Opuntia ficus-indica Botanical name Prickly pear cactus orach A hardy annual, Atriplex hortensis, growing to 1.5 m with large indented leaves also available in gold and purple varieties. The young leaves may be used in salads, older leaves are cooked as spinach. Used in...

Pasta e fagioli

Introduced from Russia pashka See paskha pashtet iz tieliatiny Eastern Europe A veal and liver p t from the Ukraine made with fried calves' liver, veal, bacon and vegetables simmered with chicken stock and dried mushrooms, strained, processed with softened bread, bound with egg, seasoned and flavoured with allspice then baked in the oven at 180 C Pasiego prensado Spain A soft mild white smooth cream cheese from Santander made from ewes' and semi-skimmed cows' milk. Eaten after 2 weeks...

Bookweeten janhinnerk Netherlands

Buckwheat pancake with bacon boolawnee Central Asia Pastry turnovers with a leek and chilli filling. From Afghanistan. boomla South Asia Bummaloe, the fish boontjie sop South Africa Bean soup made from stock and dry beans (3 or 4 1), the beans soaked overnight and simmered in the stock with a chilli until soft, then all passed through a sieve boova shenkel United States A meat stew with dumplings, originating with the Dutch immigrants to Pennsylvania boquerones Spain Fresh anchovy fillets,...

Ukoy

Bones and trimmings per litre) resimmered with onions, carrots, parsley, bay leaf, cloves, and finely chopped dill before clarifying and straining. A little dry white wine may be added. Often served with katushki. ukoy Philippines A fritter of peeled shrimps mixed with chopped spring onions, in a rice or wheat flour batter. Fried and served with vinegar and minced garlic. Ukraine eggs Eastern Europe Very intricately decorated hard-boiled eggs. A peasant art form in the Ukraine dating back to...

J

Ja China Deep-frying jaapalanen Finland (Piece of) ice jaatello Finland Ice cream jabal Spain Wild boar jabuke u rumo Balkans Apples poached in syrup, chilled and topped with whipped cream, glac cherries and a little rum (note From Slovenia) jachtschotel Netherlands A casserole of meat, potatoes and onions, a hunter's dish jack 1. Crevalle jack 2. See Monterey Jack jack bean A perennial legume, Canavalia ensiformis, from tropical America, also grown in the southern USA. It has edible white...

Salsifis

Saloio Portugal A fresh and creamy cows' milk cheese from the countryside near Lisbon (note Literally 'peasant'.) salpa Italy Salema, the fish salpicao Portugal A fine sausage made with pork fillet, seasoned, spiced and smoked salpic de mariscos Catalonia A cold shellfish salad with sweet peppers and onions salpic n England, France A mixture of chopped (traditionally 0.5 cm dice) or minced fish, meat or vegetables with flavourings and bound with a sauce. Used for stuffings, canap s, croquettes,...

Chee mah jee mah

Chee mah jee mah China White sesame seeds cheena chatti Sri Lanka A slightly dished circular pan like a shallow wok used for cooking bread especially atta cheese 1. A solid derivative of milk made by coagulating most of the protein matter (casein) in the milk into curds and draining off the remaining watery constituents of the milk (whey). The processing combines a variety of the following processes separating or adding cream, souring the milk with a lactobacillus, heating or boiling it,...

Pepperoncini

Pepperoncini United States A small, mild, green chilli pepper used sparingly in salads pepperone Italy A sausage made from beef and pork with chopped sweet red peppers and fennel. Cannot be kept. pepperpot United States A highly seasoned thick soup or thin stew made with tripe pepperpot soup Caribbean A rich soup made from beef, oxtail, pigs' trotters, chicken and mixed vegetables including okra, pumpkins and yams, flavoured with chillies and often containing cassava juice pepperrotsaus...

Cappuccio a

Cappuccio, a Italy Round, as in round lettuce (note Literally 'like a hood or cap'.) cappucina Italy Lettuce capra Italy 1. Goat 2. A freshwater lake fish similar to trout capra di mare Italy Spider crab c pre France Caper c pres, sauce aux France Butter sauce with the addition of 120 g of capers per litre at the last moment. Served with boiled fish. capretto Italy Kid, young goat caprice, fish As fish Saint Germain, but topped with a lengthways slice of banana passed through seasoned flour and...

Boudin la crme

United States A Creole sausage mixture made from pork liver, cooked pork and rice, spring onions and seasoning boudin la cr me Belgium, France A simple boudin noir mix of 2 parts pigs blood to 1 part cream with egg, butter, chopped onion and seasoning boudin la Flamande Belgium A boudin noir mix with a large amount of onion, dried vine fruits and chopped parsley instead of spices boudin Asturien France Morcilla boudin blanc France A white cooked sausage made from finely ground white...

Dietician

Preparations and when dissolved in water as a glaze for bread and rolls. dextrose See glucose d-glucono-1,5-lactone See E575 DHA See docosahexanoic acid dhal South Asia 1. Term used for dehusked and split pigeon peas, lentils or similar small pulses (note From the Hindi word meaning 'to split'.) 2. A thin gruel-like dish of cooked dehusked split pulses with aromatic flavourings and spice, onions and other vegetables, very commonly served at Indian meals. Also called dal, dahl, dholl dhania...

Peach Melba

Are eaten as a vegetable when it is very young. Also called scallop squash, custard marrow, cymling (note So called because of its dish shape with scalloped edges.) patty shell United States A puff or short pastry shell for serving hors d'oeuvres, bouch es, vol-au-vents, barquettes, etc. patty tin See bun tin pau South Asia An old unit of weight. See also powa paua New Zealand A type of abalone, Haliotis iris, with a rainbow-coloured shell which is often used as an ornament Pauillac lamb...

Joghurt

Joghurt Germany Yoghurt Johannisbeere Germany Redcurrant Johannisbeerkaltschale Germany Redcurrants cooked in sugar syrup, sieved and mixed with white wine. Served cold garnished with whole redcurrants and crushed macaroons. Johannisbeersosse Germany A jus roti or similar with added redcurrant jelly Johannisbrot Germany Carob bean John Dory A seawater flatfish, Zeus faber, with olive brown skin, two distinguishing black thumb marks (Saint Peter's thumb) on each side below the head and very...

Samboosa holwah

Saltspring lamb Canada Baby lamb raised on salt marshes in British Columbia, similar to the French pr -sal lamb salt stick Pretzel saltwater fish Fish which live in the open sea salumeria Italy Delicatessen, grocer's shop Salvia lavandulifolia Botanical name Spanish sage Salvia officinalis Botanical name Sage Salvia officinalis 'Purpurascens' Botanical name Purple sage Salvia sclarea Botanical name Clary sage salxitxo Catalonia A type of cured sausage Salz Germany Salt Salzburger Nockerln...

Moong dal

Cm long and eaten raw, pickled or cooked. Also called Japanese radish, white radish, giant white radish, mouli, muli, daikon moong dal Mung bean moong ke dal South Asia Dehusked and split mung beans moongphali South Asia Peanut moon sin China Eel moorcock See grouse, black grouse moorfowl See grouse, black grouse moorkoppen Netherlands Filled tarts piled high with whipped cream (note Literally 'Moors' heads'.) Moor's head Edam Moors' heads United States As Mohrenkopf, but with various fillings...

Bath chap

Also called sweet basil basilic France Basil basilico Italy Basil Basilienkraut Germany Basil basin A wide flattish dish basket A steel mesh utensil (about 8 to 12 mm pitch) with a handle, which fits in a deep-fat fryer and is used to lower damp foods, especially potato chips, into the fat slowly so that the boiling off of the water does not cause the fat or oil to boil over. It is also used for blanching vegetables in boiling water. Basler Leckerli Switzerland A...

Black sesame seeds

Skin surmounted by a very sharp fin and weighs between 0.5 and 2 kg. It has firm white flesh and may be cooked in any way. Found in deep water off the eastern coast of the USA. black sesame seeds A black coloured sesame seed used as a garnish in desserts and puddings and, when ground, in soup or to make gomasio black soya bean A smaller variety of soya bean than the yellow. Served as a salad or, when pureed and sweetened, as a cake and bun filling. blackstrap molasses The darkest variety of...

Barnyard millet

And served with the strained reduced cooking liquor and clotted cream barnyard millet A type of millet, Echinochloa crusgalli, grown mainly as a fodder crop in the east and now an escaped wild plant in the UK and the USA baron d'agneau France Fillet end (top half) of a leg of lamb used for roasting baron of beef England A large beef joint consisting of two sirloins, connected by the backbone. Roasted for celebratory occasions. baron of lamb The saddle and two legs of lamb in one piece barquette...

Levure chimique

Levure chimique France Baking powder Lewis kilkenny Scotland Equal quantities of cooked potatoes, carrots and well-chopped cabbage mashed together with cream and seasoning. Eaten hot as is or made into cakes and fried. Leyden cheese Netherlands A highly flavoured yellow, semi-hard scalded-curd cheese made from cows' milk with a hard rind and red wax coating. Often flavoured with cumin seed, caraway seed or cloves. ley nyin bwint Burma Cloves L-glutamic acid See E620 liaise, to To thicken with a...

Oca di guerra

Oca di guerra Italy Goose poached in water and the flesh cooled in molten goose fat like confit oca farcita alla borghese Italy Roast goose stuffed with chopped pork, apples, chestnuts and the goose liver occa An important white to brown tuber, Oxalis tuberosa, from the South American Andes region. It is said to have gone wild in parts of France. Requires careful cooking to rid it of oxalates. Also called oca, oka occhialone Italy See bream 1 occhiata Italy Saddled bream occhi di lupo Italy...

Whipped cream

It contains roughly 85 endosperm, 13 bran and 2 wheat germ. Also called corn wheat classification Wheats are classified either as hard vitreous, hard mealy, soft vitreous or soft mealy. See also vitreous endosperm, soft wheat, hard wheat wheat composition Protein 8 to 15 and fat around 2 . It is the protein type and not the percentage composition which is the underlying cause of hardness in wheat. wheat duck United States A type of wild duck similar to widgeon wheatear A...

Maroilles

Weight to the rind added plus cinnamon, cloves, root ginger and allspice in a muslin bag and all boiled until the rind is transparent. The rind is then bottled with the reduced syrup and served on the hors d'oeuvre (zakuski) table, marinovannie griby Russia A type of mushroom la grecque made with a variety of edible fungi cooked in wine vinegar and water (3 2) with garlic, cloves, bay, salt, sugar and peppercorns, bottled in the cooking liquor, covered with oil and refrigerated for at least 10...

P

Pa Catalonia Bread paahdeleipaa Finland Toast paahdepaisti Finland Roast beef paak cheong China White pomfret, the fish pa amb oli Catalonia A snack made from a thick slice of crusty bread rubbed with a vine-ripened cut tomato, sprinkled with good oil and salted pa amb tomaquet Catalonia Bread rubbed with tomato and garlic and drizzled with olive oil. Served as tapas. paan South Asia A breath freshener taken after a meal usually consisting of a mixture of aromatic seeds, often garishly...

Crayfish Scandinavian cooking

Cracked wheat flour United States A coarse flour rather like oatmeal which has been cut from the wheat rather than ground and hence does not release starch very readily cracker United States The general name given to any type of plain or salted hard biscuit cracker flour United States A soft wheat flour with a low water absorption ability crackling The skin of a pork, bacon or ham joint which has been scored to 3 or 4 mm with a sharp knife in strips or a diamond pattern prior to roasting and...

Pig Meat Called Barfi

Bullock A young bull less than a year old bullock's heart A type of custard apple, Anona reticulata, with a more solid granular flesh than usual. It is heart-shaped with a reddish brown skin. Also called ramphal bulls Catalonia Various meats stuffed into pig casings (from bullit meaning boiled) bully beef Corned beef bul'on Russia Broth bulrush Australia Cumbungi bulrush millet An important staple millet, Pennisetum typhoideum, from Africa and India which grows quickly, will stand drought and...

Pane bianco

Beaten egg and breadcrumbs in that order, prior to frying them pane bianco Italy White bread pane bigio Italy Brown bread pane bolognese Italy A sweet bread made from cornmeal and containing candied fruit and nuts pane carasau Italy A very thin bread from Sardinia pane di frumento Italy Whole wheat bread pane di segale Italy Rye bread pan e l'anglaise France Pan ed paneer South Asia Curds made from boiling milk acidified with lemon juice. Used for making desserts and as an accompaniment to...

Bhel puri

Beurre d' crevisses France A compound butter made from the remains of crayfish cooked for some other purpose, pounded with an equal quantity of butter and sieved beurre de hareng France Herring butter beurre de laitance France A compound butter made with poached soft roes pounded with twice their weight in butter, flavoured with mustard and sieved beurre de Montpellier France A mixture of blanched, refreshed and drained watercress, parsley, chervil, tarragon, chives and spinach leaves with...

Burgenlandisch Hauswurstel

Also called barfi Burgenlandisch Hauswurstel Austria A famous sausage from Burgenland adjacent to the Hungarian border containing roughly 2 parts lean pork to 1 part pork back fat and 1 part beef burger See beefburger burghul Middle East Wheat which has been dehusked, parboiled, dried then cracked into a coarse powder prior to sale. It is easily reconstituted with boiling water and may be used for made up dishes or to accompany a main dish. Also called bulgur,...

Singkong

Being released when it is cooked on the griddle. singkong Indonesia Cassava single-acting baking powder Baking powder that releases carbon dioxide only on contacting water single cream Cream with a minimum butterfat content of 18 . Not suitable for whipping. single-crust Describes a pie or food dish with a single layer of pastry below the filling, and none above single Gloucester A hard, mild Cheddar-like white farmhouse cheese made in the form of a squat cylinder from the skimmed cows' milk of...

Sword bean

Sweet red bean paste Japan Boiled adzuki beans mashed into a paste with oil and sugar and cooked until fairly thick and dry. Used in cakes and desserts. See also koshi-an, tsubushi-an sweet rocket A hardy biennial cottage flower, Hesperis matronalis, with white to purple four-petalled flowers, now a wild garden escape. The young leaves are more bitter than rocket but may be used sparingly in salads. sweets 1. Confections based mainly on flavoured sugar, caramel and chocolate with sometimes...

Blue velvet swimming crab A gourmet crab

From Spain blue vinney See blue Dorset blue vinny See blue Dorset blue Wensleydale England A blue-veined version of Wensleydale cheese. Very rare. Blumenkohl Germany Cauliflower Blumenkohlsuppe Germany Cream of Blut iSchwartenmagen France A type of black pudding from Alsace. See also schwartenmagen Blutwurst Germany A raw sausage made from pig's blood with a variety of meat, bacon or offal additions, possibly onions, together with herbs and spices. May be poached or fried and eaten hot or cold....

Croquemonsieur

Croque-monsieur France Popular French fast food consisting of a sandwich filled with ham and Gruy re cheese, crust removed, cut into decorative shapes, dipped in beaten egg and shallow-fried until golden. Sometimes only toasted. Eaten hot. croquesignole United States A round or square holeless Cajun doughnut croqueta Spain 1. Croquette 2. Meatball croquetes Portugal Croquettes croquetes de camar o Portugal Shrimp croquettes eaten as an appetizer or hors d'oeuvres croquetjes Netherlands...

Stegtgas gylat med svedsker Denmark

Roast goose stuffed with prunes stegt kylling Denmark Braised chicken stegt svinekam Denmark Roast pork with red cabbage Steinbuscher Germany A soft cheese made with whole or partially skimmed cows' milk. It is brick-shaped and has a smooth buttery paste with a few holes. It comes from from the east of the country and is similar to Romadur. Contains 52 water, 21 fat and 24 protein. Steinbutt Germany Turbot Steingut Germany Earthenware Steinpilz Germany Cep stekt Norway, Sweden Fried or roasted...

Moll de roca

Moll de roca Spain Red mullet, Mullus surmuletus molle, molletto Italy 1. Soft 2. Soft-boiled mollejas Spain Sweetbreads mollet France Soft or soft-boiled, especially of eggs molli A sauce made from deseeded chile poblano. See also mole, mole poblano molls a la brasa Catalonia Red mullet cooked over an open flame mollusc The general term for a creature with a soft body and a hard either external or internal shell, but which is not segmented. Many molluscs live in the sea. Molluscs are divided...

Bessara

Lemon-scented herb, Monarda didyma, used in salads, summer drinks and with pork. Also called bee balm Bergen bread Bread enriched with plant oestrogens obtained from linseed and soya oil. Said to reduce menopausal symptoms. berg re, la France In the shepherdess' style, i.e. garnished with fried sliced mushrooms and straw potatoes Bergk se A generic name for many different types of cooked-curd, pressed semi-hard cows' milk cheeses from the Alps such as Berg, Gruy re, Fontina, Montasio, Walliser...

Cotriade

Monounsaturated and 50 polyunsaturated fat. Also called maize oil corn on the cob A complete cob of sweet corn, (a variety of maize), boiled, leaves removed and kernels eaten with salt and butter. Also called sweet corn corn pone United States An unleavened cornmeal bread made from dent corn, fried or baked corn salad Lamb's lettuce corn starch United States Corn flour corn sugar United States Sugar, principally glucose, crystallized from acid hydrolysed corn flour. Less sweet than sucrose....

Golden threads

Godaste farsen Sweden Finely minced beef and pork mixed with softened rusk, egg yolk, seasoning and a little paprika. Half of this placed in a greased oblong mould, slices of skinned tomatoes placed on top followed by the remainder of the forcemeat, topped with a mixture of French mustard, chopped onion and parsley and butter and baked in a 200 C oven for 1 hour to give a crisp crusty surface. Served from the dish. (note Literally 'the finest forcemeat'.) godiveau France A forcemeat made with...

Risotto alla milanese

Used for cakes, desserts, jellies, savoury custards, etc. Also called border mould ring-neck dove United States A highly prized wild duck, Aythya collaris, shot for the table ri ones Spain Kidneys ri ones a la espa ola Spain Kidneys saut ed with onions, tomatoes and sweet peppers Rio red A highly pigmented grapefruit variety which was produced by inducing mutations using ionizing radiation ripa Sweden Grouse ripe Fully developed or matured and ready for eating, usually used of fruits,...

N

Naartjie South Africa A variety of tangerine nabemono Japan A single-pot meal cooked at the table using sliced raw prepared ingredients and usually a central casserole of simmering stock. Sukiyaki and shabu shabu are the two most famous. nabo Portugal, Spain Turnip nabo sueco Spain Swede nachos Mexico Pieces of fried tortilla topped with grated cheese, browned under the grill and garnished with green chillies. Served as a snack. Nachspeise Germany Dessert, sweet Nachtisch Germany Dessert, sweet...

Djuvec od praziluka

Diosmetelt Hungary Freshly cooked egg noodles mixed with lard, finely chopped walnuts and sugar, served as a dessert Diospyros discolor Botanical name Mabalo Diospyros kaki Botanical name Kaki fruit, persimmon Diospyros spp. Botanical name Persimmon, American persimmon, kaki, sharon fruit Diospyros virginiana Botanical name American persimmon diot France A fresh sausage containing root vegetables, turnips, beetroot and carrots according to season dip A soft savoury, usually cold, sauce into...

Cardamine

Caramel sauce England A hot sauce made with caramel, water and butter (3 2 2), whisked together caramel stage See sugar cooking caramote France A transverse-striped king prawn, Penaeus kerathurus, from the Mediterranean. It is brown with reddish tints becoming pink when cooked and is up to 22 cm long. It is considered to be the finest crustacean flesh in the world. Also called crevette royale, grosse crevette caramujo Spain Winkle ca ran Vietnam Fried fish caranguejo Portugal Crab carapace The...

Fourr

Foresti re, ( la) France In the forester's style, i.e. garnished with mushrooms, ham or bacon and fried potatoes. Usually meat or poultry. Forfar bridie Scotland A Scottish pastry turnover containing beef, suet and onions fork An implement with 2 or more prongs and a handle conveniently grasped in the hand used for eating solid foods, carving or cooking. Carving forks usually have 2 large prongs. fork luncheon A buffet type meal served on a plate and eaten with a fork usually while standing up...

Tuna fig

Yellow fin tuna, skipjack tuna, albacore. Also called tunny tuna fig Prickly pear Tunbridge Wells sausage England An English sausage from the town of the same name made to a 100 year old recipe comprising coarsely chopped lean pork, chopped pork fat and yeastless bread rusk (10 5 2), seasoned, flavoured with sage, mace and other herbs, filled into casings and linked tunfisk Denmark, Norway Tuna fish tunga Sweden Tongue tunge Denmark, Norway Tongue tung sum Bamboo shoots tung ts'ao China Rice...

Strudel pastry

Like a Swiss roll and, after further proving and egg-washing, baked at 190 C for approximately 1 hour Strudel pastry A wafer-thin pastry common in Austria and Hungary but originating in the Middle East and brought to Europe in the Ottoman invasions of the 15th century. Made from strong white bread flour, beaten egg, melted butter (4 1 1), vinegar and salt, all mixed to a silky dough, rested, rolled out and stretched until thin, then layered to build up thickness. Other formulations omit the...

Belle dijonnaise la France With

Blackcurrants Belle-H l ne France Served with ice cream and chocolate sauce, as in pear Belle-H l ne Bellelay France An alpine semi-hard unpasteurized cows' milk cheese. See also T te de Moine belle meuni re, fish Fish meuni re dressed with one grilled mushroom, one slice of peeled tomato and one floured and shallow-fried soft herring roe bellevue, la France Coated in transparent aspic jelly (note Literally 'in full view'.) Bellos Spain A hard cheese made from ewes' and or goats' milk with a...

Nuss und Mohnstrudel

The white French version is common in the UK. In Germany it is light brown and smooth. nougatine England, France A confection similar to praline made from a light caramel mixed with crushed almonds or hazelnuts, poured onto a flat sheet and cut into small decorative shapes, or moulded when warm into baskets and the like to contain other foods, or cut in a large circle to be used as a base for a gateau or dessert nouilles France 1. Pasta 2. Noodles nouvelle cuisine England, France A...

Oil

Oeufs au chasseur France Scrambled eggs with chicken livers oeufs au lait France Egg custard oeufs brouill s France Scrambled eggs oeufs b cheron s France Beaten eggs poured over slices of ham on toast and baked in the oven oeufs de lump France Lumpfish roe oeufs de poisson France Hard fish roe oeufs en cocotte See cocotte, en oeufs en gel e France Poached eggs in aspic oeufs en gel e Stendhal France Poached eggs in aspic flecked with ham oeufs en meurettes France Eggs poached in red wine with...

Beef tomato

Beef tomato A very large fleshy tomato up to 10 cm in diameter often stuffed as an individual dish beef Wellington A part-roasted fillet of beef spread with duxelles and liver p t , wrapped in puff pastry, egg-washed and baked in the oven. The meat and pastry should finish cooking simultaneously. Served sliced. Beenleigh blue England A ewes' milk cheese made in Devon similar to Roquefort beer Fermented malt extract flavoured with hops, sometimes used as a cooking liquor beer sausage Bierwurst...

Cardamom

Cardamom The dried fruit of a perennial bush, Elettaria cardamomum, belonging to the ginger family, consisting of green or bleached pods 5 to 10 mm long containing loose black seeds with an aromatic flavour and smell. Larger pods are in general brown to black and their seeds are of a lower quality and used in pickles and chutneys. Cardamom is used to flavour coffee in the Middle East as well as being common in Indian, Eastern and Scandinavian cuisines. Young cardamom leaves are used as a food...

Bioflavonoids

Served hot with fried onions. biff med lok Sweden Fried rump steak served with fried onions and boiled potatoes biffstek Sweden Beef steak Bifidobacterium A bacterium used for the fermentation of milk Bifidobacterium plantarum One of the microorganisms used as starter culture for fermented milk products especially in Japan bifschteks Russia Beef steak bifteck France General name for steak suitable for frying or grilling bifteck am ricaine Belgium Chopped raw...

Volume measure

And though it has no known toxicity it may affect some medical conditions and supplements should only be taken on medical advice. Deficiency diseases in otherwise normal humans have not been reported. vitamin F An obsolete term for essential fatty acids vitamin K This vitamin relates to a group of chemical quinones, some fat-soluble and others water-soluble, which are synthesized by human gut microorganisms and are found in abundance in brassicas and spinach and in moderate concentration in...

White radish Mooli

White roux Equal quantities of plain soft flour and butter, cooked together to a sandy texture for a few minutes without colouring. Used for b chamel sauce. white sapote United States A type of baseball-sized custard apple with a green, shading to yellow, edible skin and soft flesh white sauce See b chamel, sauce white sesame seeds The white variety of sesame seeds used to make tahini. Used as a garnish in Asia and crushed for use in sauces and coatings. In Asia they are dry-fried or roasted to...

G

Ga Vietnam Chicken the preceding word indicates which part of the chicken gaai laan China Chinese kale gaau sun China Wild rice shoots Gabelfr hst ck Germany Fork breakfast, i.e. a substantial breakfast similar to an English breakfast or brunch gabi Philippines Taro gacha Spain A soft pudding gad Middle East A cows' milk cheese similar, to the Danish Danbo, with fairly large holes g dda Sweden Pike gado gado Indonesia A salad made from a mixture of bean sprouts and shredded or julienned...

M

Sauteed chicken pieces simmered with onions, chopped chillies, tomato paste, peanut paste and vegetables including okra and flavoured with cinnamon and paprika 2. A groundnut stew from Senegal. See also mafe maanz South Asia Meat maas South Africa A thick naturally curdled milk maasa West Africa Millet flour and possibly other flours sweetened and allowed to ferment with yeast and water, possibly with a chemical raising agent, then brought to the consistency of a pancake...

H

Haagse bluf Netherlands A light sorbet of whipped egg whites and redcurrant juice note Literally 'Hague swank'. haam China Salt flavoured with shrimp haas Netherlands Hare haas ko phul Nepal Duck egg haba Spain Broad bean, fava bean habanero chilli An extremely hot, lantern-shaped chilli from the Caribbean, with a colour varying from green to red looking rather like a small sweet pepper habas a la monta esa Spain Broad beans baked with ham habas al horno Spain Baked beans habeet Middle East...

Calcium polyphosphate See E544 calcium saccharin The calcium salt of

Saccharin used as saccharin calcium silicate See E552 calcium stearoyl-2-lactate A calcium salt corresponding to the sodium salt sodium stearoyl-2-lactate and with the same uses. See also E482 calcium sulphate See E516 calcots Catalonia A spring-season speciality of Tarragona, consisting of green-leek-sized onions, roasted on an open fire and served with a spicy tomato sauce dip caldeirada de peixe Portugal A fish and or shellfish stew similar to bouillabaisse. The ingredients depend on what is...

Villageoise sauce

Little sugar and seasoning until all the liquid has evaporated and the carrots are tender and glazed Vichyssoise A cold version of the homely French leek and potato soup, potage bonne femme, which has been finished with cream note Invented by Louis Diat, chef at the New York Ritz Carlton, in a fit of nostalgia for his Vichy boyhood. Vichy water A natural mineral water bottled in Vichy, France Vicia faba Botanical name Broad bean or horse bean vickning Sweden Food offered to guests just before...

Tranche napolitaine

Tranche napolitaine France Multiflavoured and layered ice cream tranche plombi res France A slice of tutti frutti ice cream trancher France To slice trancia Italy Slice transmontana, Portugal In the style of Tr s-os-Montes, i.e. with chopped sausage, beans, garlic and onions transparent icing A very thin icing used to give a professional finish to royal icing after it has been sanded or scraped down until quite smooth transparent noodles Cellophane noodles transparent vermicelli Cellophane...

Sussex bacon pudding

Sussex bacon pudding England Bacon, wholewheat flour, finely chopped onion and shredded suet 4 2 2 1 mixed with chopped herbs and seasoning with 4 tbsp of baking powder per kg of flour, all brought together with beaten eggs and a little milk if necessary to a soft dropping consistency and steamed in a covered pudding basin for 90 minutes Sussex churdles England Shortcrust pasties with a liver, bacon, onion and mushroom filling which has been fried in lard Sussex dumpling England A dumpling made...

South Carolina Pork Liver Haslett

Phenol oxidase The enzyme which causes the cut surfaces of apples, potatoes etc. to brown in air phenyl benzene See E230, diphenyl Philadelphia cheese steak United States A crisp roll covered with thin slices of beef and or cheese, with relishes, etc. Philadelphia cream cheese A heavily promoted and well-known brand of processed cream cheese Philadelphia eggs United States A split muffin covered with cooked sliced breast of chicken, a poached egg and hollandaise sauce phil noi Laos Peppercorn...

K

Kaab el ghzal North Africa Croissant-like pastries filled with honey and almonds. Also called cornes de gazelle kaagati Nepal Lemon kaakro West Africa A snack food from Ghana made from mashed plantains and flour 5 1 flavoured with grated fresh ginger, onion, black pepper and paprika, all processed to a smooth paste with water, formed into small balls and deep-fried in oil. Served hot with lemon. Also called kaklo kaali Finland Cabbage kaalikaaryle Finland Blanched cabbage leaves wrapped around...

Can I Boil Potato In Bhagoni

Daai dau nga choy China Soya bean sprouts daai gaai choy China One of the oriental mustards with a rounded lettuce-type head, curly pale green leaves and thick grooved stems. It has a slightly astringent taste and is usually pickled or salted. Also called Swatow mustard cabbage daam China Sea urchin daanti South Asia A ceramic pestle used with a matching mortar imamdusta for grinding soft grains and spices daarim Nepal Pomegranate dab A small flatfish, Limanda limanda, up to 25 cm long, from...

Landmettwurst

Landmettwurst Germany A Mettwurst made in the countryside landrail Corncrake landstycke Sweden Sirloin steak Lane cake United States A layered cake containing chopped nuts, dried fruit and coconut and covered with a fluffy icing langeljapanische Auster Germany Pacific oyster Langermannia gigantea Giant puffball lang kail Scotland True kale, Brassica oleraceae Acephala Group langos Hungary Fried doughnuts langosta Spain Spiny lobster langostino Spain General term for crayfish or large prawn...

Culinery Terms In

Bicarbonate of soda dissolved in water. All the ingredients are melted together, sometimes with dessicated coconut added. AOC See appellation d'origine contr l e aojiso Japan See green shiso aole Italy A fresh water fish aonegi Japan Spring onions aonori Japan Green flaked or shredded nori used as a seasoning aoshiso Japan See green shiso aotogarashi Japan A small green hot pepper aoyagi Japan 1. A round clam used raw or lightly cooked for sushi 2. A large clam, Mactra chinensis, about 4 cm by...

How To Store The Udde Papad

Pommes savoyarde France As gratin dauphinois, but substituting stock for cream. Also called gratin savoyard pommes vapeur France Boiled or steamed potatoes pomodori di magro alla sarda Italy Tomatoes stuffed with anchovies, tuna and aubergine flesh and baked pomodorini Italy Small tomatoes pomodori ripieni alla novarese Italy Tomatoes stuffed with rice, onions and cheese, pan ed and deep-fried pomodoro Italy Tomato pompano A small, oily, round seawater fish of the genus Trachinotus, with a high...

Ben cotta

Used of steaks. benfri gadda Sweden Boneless pike. A whole pike, head on, cleaned but not scaled, boiled in salted water then allowed to cool before gently easing the flesh from the skin and bones. The flesh is ideal for filling vol-auvents when combined with a b chamel and or velout sauce. Often served with an egg or horseradish sauce. Bengal gram South Asia A small variety of chick pea. See also channa 1 Bengal rice A small-grain white rice with a fine flavour from...

B

Baak dau gok China The light green variety of long bean baak kwo China Ginkgo nut baars Netherlands 1. Perch 2. Bass baba 1. Poland A Polish cake resembling a long gathered skirt note Literally 'an old woman'. 2. France A light-textured cake made from a sweetened yeast-raised dough, often baked in small or large ring moulds or in dariole moulds. May be soaked in syrup flavoured with rum or liqueur and or filled with cream. Served hot or cold. baba au kirsch France A baked baba cake soaked in...

Laham ajeen

Lactobacillus plantarum One of the bacteria included in starter cultures for the fermentation of cucumbers and olives Lactobacillus sanfrancisco Bacteria used for the leavening of sour dough bread Lactobacillus spp. Bacteria used for the production of lactic acid in cheese and other milk products and in sauerkraut production Lactococcus lactis A bacteria which can ferment traditional foods made from rice to prevent transmission of infection to weaning children in underdeveloped countries. It...

French Cooking Term Firming The Edges

Faarn woon China The small individual rice bowl from which Chinese meals are eaten faat sau gwa China Choko fabada Spain A Spanish cassoulet from Asturia made with butter beans, sausage and smoked ham fa on de, la France In the style or manner of fadge Irish potato cakes fagara Anise pepper f gel Sweden Poultry or game f gelbo Sweden As sologa, but with a ring of chopped cold boiled potatoes added note Literally 'bird's nest'. f gels s Sweden Game sauce made from game bones browned with...

Carne de porco a algarvia Portugal Fried

Pork and clams carne de ternera Spain Veal carne de vaca Portugal, Spain Beef carne de veado Portugal Venison carne de venado Spain Venison carne de vinha de alhos Portugal Pickled pork carne di maiale Italy Pork carne ensopada Brazil A pot roast of beef, bacon, ham, garlic, onions, butter and seasoning carne in umido Italy Stewed beef carneiro Portugal Mutton carne lessa Italy Boiled beef carne mechada Central America A stuffed beef roll, boiled and served sliced with its pureed cooking liquor...

Kalbsroulade

Hot with the reduced cooking liquor thickened with beurre mani or cold with clarified and jellied cooking liquor. Kalbsroulade Germany A type of meat loaf made with a pork and veal mixture containing diced pork fat and pistachio nuts kald Norway Cold Kaldaunen Germany Tripe k ldolmar Sweden Blanched cabbage leaves wrapped around a filling of minced beef or pork, butter, rice cooked in milk until very soft and seasonings, lightly fried then baked in a covered dish with a sweetened stock. Served...