Baking is the process that changes dough into breads or rolls through the application of heat. Oven temperature and baking time are determined by five factors.
• Dough Type Young, under fermented doughs require cooler oven temperatures, higher humidity, and longer baking times than fully proofed doughs. Old, over fermented doughs require higher oven temperatures, less humidity, and shorter baking times.
• Dough Richness Lean doughs require higher oven temperatures and shorter baking times. Rich doughs require lower oven temperatures and longer baking times.
• Portion Size Smaller items, such as rolls, require shorter baking times than larger items, such as loaves.
• Desired Color The desired color of the crust often depends on the tastes of the customer. Higher oven temperatures
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