Ataste Of History



Charles Lindbergh makes his first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic ocean

American Culinary Federation established

On-the-Job Training

Today, many foodservice workers get valuable on-the-job training as apprentices through organizations such as the American Culinary Federation. This concept is not new. In fact, apprenticeships also were popular in colonial America. Typically, a boy of age 11 or 12 would agree to work for a master-level craftsman. The master would teach the apprentice a skill for a certain period of time. The apprentice would live with and work for the master as he learned. At the end of this time, the apprentice would become a journeyman. Journeymen could be paid for jobs, even under another employer.

History Application

Pretend you are a master craftsman during American colonial times. Write a want ad seeking an apprentice. Include the job, skills the apprentice will learn, and what the apprentice will get in return.

NCSS V A Individuals, Groups, and Institutions Apply concepts such as role, status, and social class in describing the connections and interactions of individuals, groups, and institutions in society.

Foodservice jobs listed with professional organizations are usually higher paying jobs that require more skill than those listed in the local newspaper.

Trade Publications

You can extend your foodservice job search resources if you read culinary trade publications. A trade publication is a magazine or newsletter produced by and for members of the foodservice industry. They contain helpful articles on all parts of the industry. Most of them also have sections where employers can list job openings. Subscriptions to many trade publications are often included as part of a membership in professional organizations. Some of these trade publications can also be found in public libraries or on the Internet.

Employment Agencies

One option is to use an employment agency to help with your job search. An employment agency is a business that puts employers in touch with potential employees. Employment agencies keep lists of foodservice job openings. You may be able to place your résumé with an employment agency. Most employment agencies charge fees for their services.

The Internet

You can use the Internet to access employment resources and look for foodservice jobs. You can also:

• Network with others.

• Contact professional foodservice organizations.

• Check out online versions of trade publications.

• Register your résumé with online employment agencies.

Keep your foodservice job search notes in a job file. Use a computer file or a set of index cards to record and review job information you receive. An entry in your job file is a job lead or possible employment opportunity. Keep a record of each source where you found job leads. (See Figure 4.3 on page 97.)

Telephone Leads

Your job leads may include listings that give phone numbers and ask you to call for more information. When you make a phone call for a foodservice job lead, follow these guidelines:

• Call the number you have been given.

• Tell the person who answers the phone that you are calling in response to a job opening. He or she will direct your call to the contact person.

• When you are connected to the contact person, greet him or her politely and give your name and the name of the job opening you are interested in. If you were referred by someone, mention that person's name when you first introduce yourself.

• The contact person will tell you about the next steps in the application process. Write notes about the application process. These may include asking you to send a letter of application and a résumé ('re-Z9-,mà). A résumé is a summary of your career objectives, work experience, job qualifications, education, and training. The contact person may offer to send you a job application or set up an appointment to meet. A job application is a form that employers use to collect personal information and previous work experience from job applicants.

• Write down all steps you are given. Repeat it back to the contact person to make sure you understand everything. Ask questions if necessary.

• Ask any questions you may have about the application process for the company. Answer any questions the contact person asks you.

• Thank the contact person for his or her time.

Apply for a Job

If you have found several good job leads, rank the possible jobs in order of your preference. Apply for the job you want most first.

The first step is usually to request, complete, and return a job application. Some job leads may require you to begin the application process with a telephone call. Other job leads will ask you to contact the employer by mail. If this is the case, you will send a letter of application and a résumé.

You will also want to create a job portfolio. A job portfolio is a collection of papers and samples that can be given to a potential employer. Your foodservice job portfolio should include:

• A letter of application

• A letter of reference

• A list of references that employers can call for more information about you

• A health record

• A copy of your Social Security card

Job Lead

Job: Kitchen Worker

Key Details: 35 hours per week, mostly evenings and weekends, on-the-job training provided

Employer: The Limbertost Restaurant

Contact Person: Maria Smith, Kitchen Manager

Source of Lead: Mike Smith, neighbor

Next Steps: Complete and returnjob application by October 25

; 1FIGURE4.3 Job Leads

Finding Work Job leads are usually specific about whom to contact and what skills are needed for the position. What steps would you take to apply for this job?

The second step to getting the job you want will be to secure a job interview. A job interview is a formal meeting between you and your potential employer. It is important to perform each step of the job application process in a polite and professional manner.

Job Applications

Make a good professional first impression. Do not walk into a potential workplace, even to ask for an application, unless your clothing is neat and appropriate and you are clean and well groomed. Remember that first impressions are usually lasting.

Filling out an application form is usually the first step. You need to know how to fill out a job application form correctly and completely.

Job application forms vary, but they all ask for the same kinds of information. Keep these tips in mind when you fill out a job application:

• Print neatly, and use blue or black ink. Use cursive handwriting for your signature only.

• Read the instructions to complete each blank space on the application before you respond. Try not to make errors. If you need to correct something, draw a neat line through what you need to correct and write the correct response.

• Carry important information with you. This includes your Social Security number, your driver's license number, and the names, addresses, and phone numbers of previous employers. It can create a poor impression to leave incomplete information in this portion of the application.

• Do not leave any part of the application form blank unless you are asked to do so. If a question does not apply to you, write "NA" or "not applicable" in the space provided. Employers will not consider applications that are not complete.

• Always tell the truth on an application. Submitting false information on a job application is illegal. You can be fired, and even prosecuted, for submitting false information.

Prepare Your Résumé

Your résumé is a very important tool for job seeking. It gives a prospective employer the information he or she needs to decide if you are suitable, or have the right qualifications, for a particular job. Choose the work experience, skills, and education or training that shows you are the best candidate for the job. Always be truthful and accurate.

Use these guidelines to prepare your résumé:

• Stress foodservice education, training, work experience, and basic key skills, if you have any.

• Include your career objective. This is a short sentence that describes what you hope to do as a career.

• Use correct spelling and grammar. Use spell check and grammar check on your computer to check your work.

• Present your résumé on good-quality paper.

• Do not use decorative graphics and pictures.

• Include the right contact information.

• Use keywords to describe your work experience. A keyword is a word that makes it easier for employers to search for important information. Your résumé should contain keywords such as foodservice, restaurant, or baking. This makes is easier for employers with foodservice opportunities to find your résumé during an electronic search.

Write Letters

When you respond to a job lead in writing, you must write an effective letter of request or a cover letter to go along with your résumé. Use spell check and grammar check on your computer before you send a letter.

Letter of Request Write a letter of request when you need to ask a potential employer for an application form or for an interview. Include a brief summary of your education, and experience in the letter. A letter of request can also be written to networking contacts to request a reference. Always be polite, and keep your tone professional.

Cover Letter Write a cover letter when a job lead asks you to send a written response. Your cover letter should introduce you to the prospective employer without repeating the information that is already on your résumé. (See Figure 4.4 on page 99.)

should you write a cover letter to a potential employer?

Continue reading here: The Interview Process

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