Raspberries

Raspberries are the hardiest of the cane berries, and perhaps the most worthwhile home garden crop for several reasons. Prices for the market fruit are high because care and labor are expensive, and market raspberries are subject to a long enough holding and handling period that fruit loses its finest flavor and may be bruised. Home garden fruit can be eaten at its peak. The thing thai makes a raspbeiT) a raspberry is the fact that it pulls free or its core when you pick it. Other bramble...

Apricots

In the colder regions of the country, the selection of apricot varieties is limited because apricots bloom early and may sufTer frost damage. In recent years, however, breeders have produced a number of hybrids with hardy Manchurian apricots, and now varieties such as 'Chinese' will fruit fairly regularly even in the northern plains. The choice of varieties widens in milder regions, and more tender varieties such as 'Moorpark' will bear even in the eastern states. Dwarfed apricots on special...

Cherries

Cherries come in three distinct forms with many varieties in each category. The sweet cherry sold in markets is planted commercially in the coastal valleys of California and in the Northwest, espe cially Oregon. There are also extensive commercial plantings near the Great Lakes. All cherries require considerable winter chilling, which rules out planting in the mildest coastal and Gulf climates, but they are also damaged by early intense cold in fall and by heavy rainfall during ripening. Sweet...

Muscadine Varieties

Many muscadines are sterile and need a pollinator. The varieties described below as perfect will pollinate themselves and any other variety, 'Hunt' This dull black fruit ripens evenly. The quality is excellent, very good for wine and juice. The vine is rigorous and productive. This variety is unanimously recommended for home and commercial planting by the Muscadine Grape Committee. Origin Georgia. 'Jumbo' This is a very large black muscadine of good quality, It ripens over several weeks, so it...

Table Grapes

American Slip Skin Grapes

'Cardinal' These large, dark red berries ripen early and have firm, greenish flesh. The medium-sized clusters are extremely abundant. Use this one to cover an arbor or sum-merhouse. Spur pruning is best. Performs in both coastal valley and central valley climates. Origin California. 'Concord1 This grape, described earlier, does not like high California heat or the coolest Northwest summers, but. does weil elsewhere. Cane prune. Origin Massachusetts. 'Delight' This grape ripens early, yielding...

Trailing Blackberries

Ail of these berries are tender and need protection from cold. 'Aurora' This very early fruit is large, firm, and of excellent flavor. The canes are most productive on the bottom 5 feet, so they do well planted close together and cut back heavily. Locally available. Origin Oregon. 'Boysen' ('Nectar') A Pacific Coast variety with large and aromatic fruit produced over a long season, this plant is vigorous and fairly thorny. In California this variety provides an early crop from May 20 to June...

Genetic Dwarf Peaches and Nectarines

The genetic dwarf peaches and nectarines form dense bushes, with long leaves trailing in tiers from the branches. In spring the branches are entirely hidden by flowers that are usually semidouble and always very showy. In winter the bare plants are also visually interesting. The fruit is of normal size. Most require moderate winter chilling (400-600 hours below 45 F) for good bloom. None are blossom hardy in really cold places, but. they can be grown in containers and protected until the warm...

Currants and Gooseberries

Currants and gooseberries are among the most beautiful of the small fruits, but they are good home garden shrubs for other reasons as well. You won't often see fresh fruit in the market, since crops from the limited commercial plantings go to processors for commercial jellies and canned fruits. But since the plants are ornamental, easy to care for, and productive, northern gardeners can tuck a few among other shrubs for the bloom, fruit, and fall color1. The crop can be used for jelly, pie, or...

Early Varieties

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'Fairhaven' This large peach is bright yellow with an attractive red cheek and light fuzz. The firm freestone flesh is yellow with red at the pit. The fruit freezes well. The tree has showy flowers. Good for the West. Origin Michigan. 'Flavorcrest1 A large, firm, yellow freestone with good flavor, its skin is blushed red. Good for California. Origin California. 'Garnet Beauty' This variety is mi early sport of 'Redhaven'. Medium to large semifreestone fruit hangs on the tree until overripe. The...